European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 63 No 2
May, 2022
Dynamic Capabilities and its Impact on Entrepreneurial Orientation: The Moderating Role of Creative Environment
Abeer Abdul-wahab Alqirem and Prof. Shaker Jaralla Alkshali
The study aimed to test the impact of dynamic capabilities on entrepreneurial orientation, as well as identifying the role of the creative environment in the impact of dynamic capabilities on entrepreneurial orientation. The study identified five dimensions to measure dynamic capabilities: opportunity reaction capability, resource integration capability, learning capability, reconfiguration capability and alliance management capability, while four dimensions of the entrepreneurial orientation were adopted: innovation, proactive, risk taking and aggressive competition. The study was conducted on a sample of 117 companies working in the information technology sector in Jordan. The study used the quantitative descriptive approach to achieve its objectives, where a set of statistical methods were used, the most important of which is the regression coefficient.
The study concluded that there are high levels of the dimensions of dynamic capabilities, while the dimensions of the entrepreneurial orientation ranged between high for proactive and innovation, and medium for risk taking and aggressive competition. The results showed that there is a significant impact of dynamic capabilities and entrepreneurial orientation, and that all dimensions of dynamic capabilities have a significant impact on entrepreneurial orientation, except for the resource integration capability, whose impact was not significant. On the other hand, the results showed that the creative environment plays a moderating role for the impact of dynamic capabilities on entrepreneurial orientation.
Keywords: Dynamic Capabilities, Entrepreneurial orientation, Creative environment, Information technology companies, Jordan.
Africa Political Economic Thinkers and the Crisis of Relevance to Economic Thought
Ifere, Eugene Okoi and Abubakar mamuda
This paper set out to espouse the role of early African thinkers; their ideas and models pertaining socio-political economic matters for an authentically ‘African’ way to cure the continent’s economic and political malaise. The global west had theoretically marginalized and devalued African thinkers and thinking by default. The battle for relevance of African thinkers on economic thought has been long overdue. Given the imposition of colonialism, African thinkers and independent nations were identified as those with economic failures- irresponsible fiscal and monetary policies, tremendous and insurmountable challenges. Amidst this crisis for relevance, are un-imported intriguing Afrocentric political economic thoughts. From trial and error to unbending pragmatism amidst domination, African thinkers rejection of orthodox free-market economics paved way to an Afrocentric economic thought of strong national unity detached from formal western modeling and statistical testing. Early African thinkers were with no professional attachment but a combined vision of moral consideration and economic thinking style of governance, suited to its special circumstances, which served as a model for the growth and development of African states.
Keywords: African socialism, economic thought,, African thinkers, Anarchism, Afrocentric, political economy, Developmentalism.
JEL Classification: B16,B24,B31
Covid-19 and cultural dynamics in Africa: A critical review of the Nigerian experience
Ojong F. E., Umukoro G., Etobe E. I., Odey S. A. and Agba A. M. O.
The paper critically examines the impact of Covid-19 on cultural dynamics in Africa with specific reference to the Nigerian experience. Consequently, it discussed Covid-19 effect on material and non-material cultures such as clothing, food, norms, values, social roles, beliefs, language, folkways, and mores. It further conversed on the impact of Covid-19 on health-seeking culture of the Nigerian people, and attests that Covid-19 alters the way of life and constrained people to adjust to the new normal in society. The paper anchored on the evolution theories of Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, and Emile Durkheim. It therefore concludes that Covid-19 obstructs cultural activities, and alters existing material and non-material culture; this is a daring challenge to the development and continuity of cultural heritage in Nigeria. Therefore, it was recommend that the government in Nigeria and other countries alike should put-on measures to mitigate the overwhelming influence of Covid-19 on culture. Government policy options should be geared towards protecting delicate cultural traits from going extinct.