European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 62 No 4
August, 2021
Aggression and Driving Anger among Ivorian Public Transport Drivers
Amadou Méité, Lokotianwa Sali Koné-Yéo, Sandrine Gaymard and Bawala, Léopold Badolo,
In Côte d’Ivoire, as in most sub-Saharan countries, the problem of traffic flow or mobility is acute. These mobility difficulties are partly due to the weakness and maintenance of transport infrastructure, on the one hand, and to the increase in the national park fleet due to socio-economic changes in recent years. Traffic congestion and the frustration it causes, according to studies of risky road behavior, are potentially generating anger and aggressive tension. This work is part of these systematic studies. This study is part of the systematic studies on the risky road behavior of drivers in Côte d'Ivoire. The objective is to determine the relationship between the types of anger among drivers and the different forms of aggressiveness. One hundred and ten drivers were selected from among public transport drivers and responded to the Aggressiveness Questionnaire (French version of the Buss and Perry Questionnaire, 1992) and the French adaptation of the Driving Anger Scale (DAS) of Delhomme and Villieux (2005).. The results indicate that the situation expected to provoke the most anger among Ivorian drivers is "discourtesy", just like their French counterparts. Conversely, the factor for which Ivorian drivers would be least angry is the "police presence" factor. Furthermore, it can be seen that drivers with a tendency to express their aggressiveness both physically and verbally are those who feel little anger in driving situations "slow driving" and «traffic obstructions".
Keywords: aggressive driving, aggressiveness, driving anger, risks behavior, Côte d’Ivoire
“Unexpected” and “Unwanted” Children in the Context of Vietnamese Law
Nguyen Thi Bao Anh
In the law of a tort, wrongful birth and wrongful life action is a compounded issue over the world. The larger part of wrongful birth and life claims for medical malpractice in the tort of negligence. Progressively, parents have become more sensitive about the various reproductive options available due to the evolvement of a body of jurisprudence that has defined and defended human rights in making their own decisions on conception and delivery. Economic and non-economic damages are also essential issues other than seeking damages. The general picture of wrongful birth and wrongful life action is clarified by introducing and comparing legal systems' legal principles. This task seeks to answer the question of how wrongful life and wrongful birth regulations regulated in the context of Vietnamese law is.
Keywords: compensation, medical malpractice, wrongful birth child, wrongful life .
The Evolution of Broadcasting Digital Migration in Limpopo Province of South Africa
Carol Lesame and Lucky Mocheki
This is an exploratory study conducted to assess the effectiveness of broadcasting digital migration (BDM) in South Africa. This study focused on two villages, Shayandima Village in Thohoyandou and Rapotokwane Village in Bela-Bela in Limpopo Province which embarked on the process of broadcasting migration. The theories that were used as theoretical foundation for the study were the diffusion of innovations theory, the political economic theory and the media policy theory. These theories were employed to assist in assessing the BDM process, the importance and the effectiveness and the importance of BDM in South Africa. The results for this study revealed that 85% of the respondents asserted that broadcasting digital migration is very effective and easy to use compared to the analog broadcasting systems, because it shows clear television pictures, quality sound and access to more television channels. It was interesting to record that respondents mentioned that they did not regret migrating from analog to digital broadcasting because of the benefits and positive impact that Set Top Boxes Set (STBs) have on their televisions. The findings revealed that the STBs are effective, affordable and enable villagers to watch more television channels which they did not have before the BDM process. There is also a need for the Department of Communications and Digital Technologies (DCDT) to ensure that every household in rural South Africa migrates to the digital broadcasting system in order to implement the goals of the Broadcasting Act of 1999 which promote the delivery of universal access to broadcasting services.
Keywords: South Africa, broadcasting digital migration, set top boxes, analog and digital television, universal access, rural areas
Filing of Criminal Charges as per Crime Victims’ Petitions in the Vietnamese Criminal Procedure Law
Nguyen Chi Hieu
This article studies regulations of Vietnamese law on the cases that criminal charges shall be pressed only if crime victims or their legal representatives file their petition for charges even if competent procedural authorities have ascertained signs of criminal activities. The analysis method is used to clarify the regulations of the law on pressing criminal charges at the request of crime victims and Vietnam’s efforts to enhance human rights of crime victims upon their participation in criminal proceedings as well as show inadequacies of the law of filing of criminal charges as per crime victims’ petitions. On that basis, the study provides some recommendations for amendments and supplements to perfect the relevant regulations of Vietnamese law.
Keywords: Filing of criminal charges, filing of charges at the request of crime victims, rights of crime victims, Vietnam
Social Media Involvement Level and Students’ Deviant Behaviours in Nigerian Universities
Eteng, Matilda Ernest, Abang, Kingsley Bekom, Uchegbue, Henrietta Osayi and Ntamu, Blessing Agbo
The prevalence of violence occasioned by students’ deviancy, as witnessed over the years on campuses across the globe has motivated the researchers to carry out this study. This article seeks to ascertain the assessment of social media involvement level on students’ deviant behaviours. This study adopted survey research design. One research question and one hypothesis guide the study. The main instrument for data collection was questionnaire titled “Media Involvement Level and Students’ Deviant Behaviour (MILSDEB) . Data were gathered from sixteen faculties in four universities in the South-South geo-political zone of Nigeria. The population of students was sixty-nine thousand, one hundred and fifty two students. The sample size was made up of one thousand, five hundred and twenty four students drawn from the population. After retrieval and screening, one thousand, four hundred and ninety-one copies of the questionnaire were utilized. Data was analyzed using One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) to test the hypothesis at 0.5 level of significance. The finding revealed that students with high involvement level were significantly more deviant (In terms of sexually related deviant behavior and bullying) than their counterparts with low level of involvement. Some recommendations were made which includes enlightenment programmes in the form of seminars, conferences, talks and workshops in other to expose students to the causes, effects, dangers and ways of curbing deviant behavior.
Keyword: Deviant behavior, public enlightenment, information technology, social media and violence.