European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 62 No 3
Jully, 2021
Time Management, Class Size and Teachers Output in Secondary Schools in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
Monity, Flora Michael and Bernard Atrogor Oko
This study evaluated the influence of time management and class size on teachers’ instructional effectiveness. A sample of 266 secondary school teachers and 12 Principals were drawn from 12 government registered public secondary schools in Calabar using simple random sampling technique. Secondary School Teachers’ Time Management Questionnaire (SSTTMQ) was used to collect data from teachers and Principals respectively and Teachers Appraisal Form (TAF). Content validity was used to ascertain the validity of the instruments, while Split half method was used to estimate the reliability of the SSTTMQ (rx of .087). The data collected were analyzed using simple regression analysis for the two hypotheses. Both hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that there is a significant influence of time management and class size on teachers’ output in Calabar municipality. It was therefore recommended among other things that teachers should improve upon their time management, especially by being more conscious about how to control their time and also the school management should make sure that the number of students in each class is minimal so that the teacher will be able to manage them effectively.
Keywords: Teachers’ Time Management, Class Size, Secondary School, Teacher Output, Calabar municipality
Résonance Affective de la Langue et Traitement des Annonces Publicitaires en Contexte Plurilingue
NNOMO Henriette Stéphanie
This paper examined the role of stakeholders in the implementation of curriculum in Nigeria. The paper critically identified stakeholders as the government, school administrators, teachers, professional bodies or organizations and parents as key actors in the implementation of the curriculum for the possible achievement of educational goals. The responsibilities of these stakeholders are in the areas of staffing, funding, monitoring, supervision, improvisation, motivation and outstanding support for the teachers and students towards quality assurance. The aim for the involvement of these stakeholders is to work towards quality assurance and effective delivery of learning experiences for an effective change in learners’ behaviour. Bertalanffy Social Systems theory was used as a theoretical base for this paper. Challenges of curriculum implementation and possible recommendations for effective and adequate implementation of the curriculum in Nigeria were also addressed.
Keywords: Stakeholder, Role, Implementation, Curriculum, Nigeria.
Usage of Information Communication Technology (ICT) and Academic Performance of Students in Tourism in Selected Secondary Schools in Calabar Municipality in Cross River State, Nigeria
Ukwetang, John Okpa, Nja, Cecilia Obi, Eneyo, Eyo, Ambe, Benjamin Ayua and Anthony Bisong Etta
This study was carried out to find out the usage of information communication technology ICT and students’ academic performance in Tourism in selected secondary schools in Calabar Municipality in Cross River State. They survey research design was used and a sample of 200 respondents was selected; the study used a four (4) point scale questionnaire and achievement test on Tourism as an instrument for data collection. Independent t-test analysis was applied in testing the (4) hypotheses formulated at 0.05 level of significance. The result obtain indicated that, there is a significant difference between the academic performance of student who study with and without internet; there is no significant difference between the academic performance of student who study with and without internet; there is no significant difference between the academic performance of student who study with and without computer games; there is no significant difference between the academic performance of students who study with and without email and there is a significant difference between academic performance of students who study with and without facebook. Based on the findings, recommendations were; they should be an in-service training for Tourism teachers on information communication technology to enhance the ICT skills of teachers to teach the student; Tourism curriculum should include information communication technology with well-defined objectives to drive improvement in learning, also government, ministry of education, the curriculum planners and teachers should work together to see the establishment and expansion in the use of ICT in secondary schools curriculum as a prerequisite for development.
Keywords: Academic Performance, Technology, Communication.
Covid-19 Surge in Nigeria: Pre-Lockdown Socio-Economic Impacts on Tourism Support Services in Cross River State
Emeka, Josephat, O., Enang, Idongesit, A., Chibuzo, Christiana U., Ushie, Michael A., Ekwok Chigbe Innocent and Eja Eja I.
Covid-19 pandemic has affected every sector of the economy at the global, continent and country scale, causing shortfall in socio-economic output of several countries of the world, and particularly Nigeria. This paper therefore examined Covid-19 surge and it pre-post socio-economic impacts on tourism support services in Calabar. Data were sourced from both primary and secondary means. Eight tourism support service providers were randomly selected for the study of which one hundred copies of questionnaire were distributed to each of the sampled tourism spots.Key Informant Interview (KII) was conducted to elucidate information from tourism support service providers on the socio-economic impact of surge on their businesses. The result obtained were analyzed and presented in tables, charts and maps. While photo-elucidation technique was adopted to show pictorial evidence of the state of tourism support services facilities before and during the pandemic. The result from the data obtained indicate that Covid-19 surge in post impact analysis affected socio-economically the tourism support services especially on the hotel industry, transportation industry and tourism sites as compared to the pre-impact analysis of Covid-19 surge which indicate less effect on the tourism support services. The findings also indicate that Covid-19 surge also affected both the income generated by the operators of tourism support services and the revenue remittances by the operators of tourism support services to the government during the post impact analysis of surge. Output from the analysis again revealed that Covid-19 surge gave rise to inflation and also the incentives given to the operators of the tourism support services were very poor and at the same time poorly distributed. To sustain tourism support services in the state, it was recommended that: Government should grant tax waiver, give financial incentives and provide personal protective equipment, hand sanitizer among others to operators of tourism support services.
Keywords: Covid-19, surge, impacts, tourism support services, socio-economic.