European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 62 No 2
June, 2021
Legal Status of the Receiver under Nigerian Law: A Comparative Analysis
Michael Takim Otu and Miebaka Nabiebu
In most legal systems receivers are appointed to carry out their functions without due regards to the legal intendment of their appointment. The receiver concerns himself with the debenture holders whom he feels he is accountable to. In fact, the receiver has virtually little or no interest at all in the survival of the company of which his primary responsibility is to protect the interest in the assets of the company. The primary concern of a receiver as established by the equity courts of England was for reorganization and continuance of the enterprise as a going concern. The framers of our law must have had in mind the appointment of a receiver which should be for the benefit of the secured as well as unsecured creditor, hence, the legal aspect of the status of receivers appointed by the court and legal status of receivers appointed out of court. However, instances abound where the appointment of a receiver is made without resort to court. For instance, such appointment is made under an agreement between persons interested in the property over which the appointment is made and under the provisions of a statute. However, instances abound where the appointment of a receiver is made under an agreement between persons interested in the property over which the appointment is made and under the provisions of a statute. No doubt, a receiver clearly stands in a fiduciary position towards those by whom, or on whose behalf he is appointed. In as much as he is in control and receipts of assets belonging to a third party, he will also owe a duty not to act negligently to such a party as well. Thus his appointment to an office of such responsibility presupposes that he will discharge his duties with utmost punctilious rectitude. This article seeks to implore the legal status of the receiver in Nigeria, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US).
The Role of Stakehiolders in the Implementation of School Curricululum in Nigeria
Ndifon, Rita A., Edu, Grace O., Olofu, Martin A. and Adie, Joseph A.
This paper examined the role of stakeholders in the implementation of curriculum in Nigeria. The paper critically identified stakeholders as the government, school administrators, teachers, professional bodies or organizations and parents as key actors in the implementation of the curriculum for the possible achievement of educational goals. The responsibilities of these stakeholders are in the areas of staffing, funding, monitoring, supervision, improvisation, motivation and outstanding support for the teachers and students towards quality assurance. The aim for the involvement of these stakeholders is to work towards quality assurance and effective delivery of learning experiences for an effective change in learners’ behaviour. Bertalanffy Social Systems theory was used as a theoretical base for this paper. Challenges of curriculum implementation and possible recommendations for effective and adequate implementation of the curriculum in Nigeria were also addressed.
Keywords: Stakeholder, Role, Implementation, Curriculum, Nigeria.
The Realist Approach to Understanding the State and it’s Politics in Nigeria: A Theorical Analysis
Olawole Ojo and Babatunde Olomu
Realism as a theory has been a prominent concept in international relations and has been used to explain the activities of political leaders and states in the international system. From the realist perspective, incompatible goals and conflict are the defining features of world politics. Without enforceable international rules, decision makers have little choice but to compete with other states for security, status and wealth. Consequently, most of the crux of political activities has been attached to the practice of the realist theory in its real nature. This paper adopted a theoretical approach in its analysis by juxtaposing the relevance of realism and its applicability to the Nigerian state and global politics. The paper found out that the lack of political will, power drunk and sit tight mentality of the leaders in Nigeria as well as the hegemonic nature of global politics is as a result of the applicability of realism in its full nature. These are manifested in conflicts and wars against states and internal politics; such as killings of political opponents, hacking of websites, vote buying, subversion of outcome of electoral results and other forms of electoral malpractices. The study then concluded that the outplay of politics in the Nigerian state and the world at large is dirty, brutal, nasty, solitary just like the state of nature posited by Thomas Hobbes. It then recommended constitutional engineering to chart a course for the state particularly in the developing society such as Africa, Asia and Latin America.
Keywords: The state, Realism, Politics, Theory.
Economic Growth of Pakistan in 21st Century and the Use of ‘Blue Economy’ Resources for Sustainability
Hamzo Khan Tagar, Sher Muhammad Shaikh, Abdul Karim Tagar and Ghulam Ali Bijarni
This paper attempt to evaluate the key challenges to the economic growth of Pakistan and discusses the significance of the blue economy of Pakistan in details to improve performance of economic growth as a sustainable solution for Pakistan economy. It examines (20 years) data of (GDP) growth of Pakistan and its supporting sub-sectors i.e. agriculture, manufacturing, services, and investment. Study concluded that overall economic growth fared poorly in Pakistan in comparison to other South Asian countries which spread poverty, unemployment, and low export and slowdown overall trade activities at large. The Study suggests key initiatives to be taken on tapping potentials of the blue economy to produce more for the growth sustainability by changing the policy directions to strengthen the economic growth of the country by introducing robust blue economy policy with proper implementations strategy in the use of oceans and marine resources for blue growth as planned in sustainable development goals (SDGs) strategy ingoal 14 of the global development perspectives introduced by the United Nations Organizations(UNO) in 2015. An effective national-level policy guide lines with huge investment of public and privet sector is needed to tap the oceans and marine resources wisely for sustainable economic growth and prosper future of the people of Pakistan. The foreign direct investment in coastal tourism, shipping’s, aquaculture and marine natural resources will boost up the blue economy in long term perspective planning’s for the regional development.
Keywords: Gross Domestic Product-(GDP) Growth, Blue Economy, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). China Pakistan Economic Corridor-(CPEC).
Succession to, And Inheritance of Property under Nigerian Laws: A Comparative Analysis
Michael Takim Otu and Miebaka Nabiebu
Succession and inheritance are statutory and customary. In advanced jurisdictions such as United States and United Kingdom their legislatures have passed legislations to regulate both testate and intestate succession. In Nigeria, the Wills Act, various wills laws of the states and Administration of Estates Laws govern testate succession while the various customary laws/Islamic law regulate intestate succession in the different ethnic nationalities in the country. Islamic law regulates succession only amongst Muslims in the country. There are obviously variations in the legislative provisions and native law and customs that regulate testate and intestate succession and inheritance in Nigeria, United States and United Kingdom. These statutory provisions and customary law are explored in this paper with a view to pointing out their differences and the making of relevant recommendations to jurisdictions that are still lagging behind others for improvement and elimination of discriminatory practices on persons entitled to succession and inheritance. This work will be based on the backdrop of statutes of entitled beneficiaries such as children (males and females), wives, illegitimate children, parents, brothers and sisters, their descendants, grandparents, remote collaterals etc.
Keyword: Succession, Inheritance, Testate, Intestate, Customary, Property.