European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 59 No 1
February, 2020
Participation of Jordanian Women in Political Life: Reality and Challenges
Ra'ad A. Al-Awamleh
This paper focuses on exploring the participation of Jordanian women in the political life and the challenges faced by women in Balaqa province. A sample of 500 women participated in the study. 15 items were developed by the researcher to measure the participation of Jordanian women in political life. Another 40 items was developed to measure the challenges that prevent women from participating in political life. The results show that women participation in political life is substandard. Statistical results showed significant differences in the degree of women’s participation in political life. This, however, is relative to the job status, social status, and age in favour of unmarried women who are workers between 20-29 years of age. Results showed that several challenges limited the participation of women in the political life. First is media challenge, second are social and cultural challenges, third are economic challenges, and finally political and legal challenges which is considerably the lowest. The result also shows that women believe in their political rights, which is secured by the law and constitution.
Keywords: Political Participation, Women, Challenges, Jordan
Study Habits and Students’ Achievement in Mathematics in Ikono Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State
Umoh, Joseph Bassey, Emmanuel Asuquo Edoho and Peter Anditung
The study entitled study habits and students’ achievement in mathematics is designed to identify form and find out measures to stamp out these unhealthy study habits if any that are eating deep into the fabric of our Educational System. The study is a survey type. Two hypotheses were raised and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The sample of the study consisted of 120 senior secondary two mathematics students in 2017/2018 session selected from the study area. The instrument used in gathering data were Students’ Study Habits Questionnaire (SSHQ) and SS II second terminal examination result for 2017/2018 academic session. Independent t-test statistic was used to analyse the data obtained. The result shows that there is a significant relationship between students’ study habits and students’ achievement in Mathematics. There was no significant difference between male and female students’ achievement in mathematics that possess good study habits. Based on the findings, it is recommended among others that school administrators, mathematics teachers, government and parents should create a conducive environment, so as to inculcate and enhance good study habits among mathematics students.
Keyword: Study Habits, Students’ Achievement and Mathematics
The use of Regional Languages or Minorities in Kosovo based on the Legislative Structure
Safet Krasniqi and Halim Bajraktari
The paper includes the legal aspect and political harmonization of human rights and freedom in the context of an analysis about the legitimate and executive function of the state of Kosovo. Guaranteeing civil rights it’s a part of and obligation that Kosovo institutions have, that are accorded in the legal structure of the fundamental human rights. This approach, mostly has to do with the majority community in Kosovo, that legally and politically are constitutional category.
Keywords: UN, OSCE, European Card for the Regional languages or Minority, Oslo’s recommendations for minority languages
Critical Security and Sustainable Counter Terrorism in Nigeria
Babatunde Olomu, Ogundipe Oluwabusayo and Olawole Ojo
Terrorism has taken a more deadly nature in Nigeria especially with the emergence of Boko Haram sect. the activities of the group has wrecked immense havoc on the country especially by their use of explosives and firearms with gruesome, fatal consequences as well as kidnapping civilians for ransom. The Nigerian government has responded to the Boko Haram menace. However, despite government’s response, the sect has continued to to unleash its terror. This questions the potency and adequacy of these strategies in ensuring lasting defeat over terrorist acts in Nigeria. The study sought to explore several other preventive alternatives that could complement the existing strategies in ensuring an effective practice of sustainable counterterrorism in Nigeria especially by relying on critical security perspective.
This study is primarily qualitative and adopts an exploratory research design. The population of the study is the whole of Nigeria. The study relied largely on secondary sources of data consisting of relevant textbooks, journals, policy documents such as the national counter terrorism strategy (NACTEST), periodicals and internet sources. Qualitative test analysis was adopted in processing and analysing these data’s which aided in an insightful evaluation and interpretation of these documents.
The study found that Nigerian security architecture is dominated with acts of terrorism especially book haram terrorism which points to the fact that Nigeria is in a dire state of insecurity and terrorist threats are still very much visible in the country. In the bit to counter terrorism, strategies adopted by the government were in the form of hard and soft power approach. The most visibly used has however been the military approach which is usually reactive and never preventive. Cases of bad governance and weak state institutions have prevented the implementation of the softer strategies, thus success has not been recorded and as a result, Nigeria’s counter terrorism strategy have not bee effective. The study concluded that the practice of a sustainable counter terrorism in Nigeria is dependent on the synergy of defences, people centeredness and development as tools for effective counter terrorism. Counter terrorism strategies in Nigeria can be founded on a crirtical security perspective as it provides a framework whereby security can be conceived beyond military strength and capabilities.
The study concluded that a reliance on military approaches cannot ensure sustainable defeat over terrorism in Nigeria and emphasises that only a genuine commitment to addressing the root causes of terrorism, prioritising the wellbeing of individuals and enhancing good and inclusive governance will achieve sustainable counter terrorism in Nigeria.
Keywords: Critical Security, Terrorism, Counterterrorism, Sustainable Counterterrorism
International Environmental Policies and Sustainable Socio-Economic Development: Global Impact and Implications for Nigeria
Olomu Babatunde, Olawole Ojo, John Saanu and Babajide Jacob
The United Nations (UN) as the global body that coordinates activities of both states and non-state actors has made significant contributions in ensuring the attainment of national socio-economic development. The UN through its specialized agencies is taking precise and conscious efforts to put in place international norms and acceptable standards towards the accomplishment of environmental and socio-economic goals among states. Essentially, nations of the world were coming from a background of utilizing natural resources without critically considering the implications of their activities in respect of the present and the future generations. Consequently, the rising concerns regarding the depletion and degradation of soil chemical composition, soil, water and air pollution. Thus, the notion of integration of social, environment and economic responsibilities is born with sustainability anchored on the “triple bottom line”- Planet, Profit and People. The paper employs qualitative methodology, relying on secondary data. It employs Liberal and Constructivist theories which, respectively, emphasize the environmental business ideals required of corporate bodies, and the social construct reality of social interactions amongst nations. The study found that public and private organizations around the world are keying into sustainability with a focus on making living on this planet possible, safe and secure for the present and the future generation. Both the UN and the Standards such as the ISO 14001 have helped in enhancing the level of organizational effectiveness in promoting change in corporate culture and enhancing comparative advantage of corporate bodies around the world. It is concluded that there is the need for governments of nations to comply with the UN policies and initiatives on environmental and socio-economic issues. It recommended that Nigerian states and its corporate organizations needs to show responsibility in this direction so as to reap the benefits alongside other nations that showed remarkable commitments.
Keywords: United Nations, Economic Policies, Sustainable Socio – Economic Development, Environment, Triple bottom line
The Effect of Biology Practical Activities on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Cross River State, Nigeria
Ihejiamazu, Christiana Chinyere, Obi, Mathias Bebia and Neji, Hope Amba
The study investigated the effect of Biology practical activities on the academic performance of secondary school students in cross river state. Three hypothesis were formulated to guide the research. A quasi experimental research design was adopted for the study.120 SSIII students formed the sample of the study. Biology Achievement Test (B.A.T) was the main instrument used in gathering data for the study.The data collected were analyzed using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA).Findings from the research showed that there is a significant difference on the academic performance of students taught with practical Biology activities. Also, there is a significant influence of gender on the academic performance of students offering Biology. The researchers on the basis of these findings, recommended that practical activities approach to the teaching and learning of Biology should beobligatory to Biology teachers in all secondary schools. It was also recommended that the government should provide well equipped laboratories in allsecondary schools across the State.
Assessment of Implementation of Social Studies Curriculum for Effective Citizenship in Upper Basic Education of Cross River State of Nigeria
Sunday David Edinyang, Veronica Nakanda Effiom, Effiom, John Edwin and Ushie Doris
This study examined teachers’ the implementation of Social Studies curriculum for effective citizenship in Cross River State, Nigeria. Two research questions were formulated and transformed to statements of hypotheses to guide the study. Literature review was carried out based on the variables under study. Survey research design was utilized. A stratified random sampling technique was used in selecting the 250 respondents sampled for the study. A validated 20 items four point likert scale questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Data was analysed using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation statistical tool. The result of the study revealed that there is a significant relationship between availability of instructional materials and curriculum implementation for effective citizenship, and teachers’ attitude has a significant relationship with the implementation of Social Studies curriculum for effective citizenship. It was recommended that teachers need to be acquainted with new Social Studies, civic and citizenship developments and how these can be incorporated into diverse aspects of classroom social studies curriculum implementation.
Keywords: Curriculum implementation, Social Studies, Citizenship, Civic Education, Teachers attitude, Instructional materials
Harnessing Students’ Self Efficacy and Journal Keeping in Teaching Writing across the Curriculum
Ayodele Christinah Ayo
Writing is an important skill to the development of individual and that of Education. It is a way of presenting one’s thought, idea and experience to the world. The major purpose of writing is for communication. Students also write to keep records of all class activities in all the subjects across the curriculum. Writing is also a means of attesting to the knowledge acquired. As important as this skill is to individual development, many students find it difficult to think critically to generate idea for the content of what they want to write on. This is due to the writing instruction they have been exposed to. In view of this, this research explains how teachers can harness journal writing and self-efficacy in teaching writing. The study revealed that students need to be more logical, organised and coherence in writing. They also need to improve on their intelligence in order to gain competence in writing. This they can achieve through their determination and constant writing. The paper therefore, discussed on harnessing the students’ self-efficacy and journal keeping in teaching writing across the curriculum.
Keywords: self-efficacy, journal keeping, writing skill, writing instruction, writing proficiency
The Degree of Management by Wandering Around Practice and its Relation to Gender and Specialization at Private Schools in Amman
Doaa Omar Abbad and Yazid Isa Alshoraty
The study aimed at identifying the degree of management by wandering around practice and its relation to its relation to some variables t at private schools in Amman, Jordan from the point of view of teachers. The stratified and random sample of the study consisted of (604) of private schools teachers working at the university region directorate of education in Amman, Jordan. To achieve the aim of the study, a questionnaire to measures management by wandering around practice was used after its validity and reliability had been proven. The results of the study showed that the degree of management by wandering around practice was high, and there were no statistically significant differences in that degree due to specialization. But, there were statistically significant differences due to gender, in favor of females.
Social Issues Influencing Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Social Studies in Calabar Education Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria
Edinyang, Sunday David, Effiom, Veronica Nakanda and Unimtiang, Unimke Sylvanus
This study investigated social issues influencing the academic performance of secondary school students in Social Studies in Calabar Education Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria. To accomplish the motivation behind the study, three invalid speculations were figured. A review of related writings was put together based on the identified factors under study. The survey research design was considered useful for the study. A multistage sampling technique was adopted in selecting the schools and seven hundred and thirty-four (734) respondents used for the study. A twenty-item four-point Likert type scale instrument titled Correlate Social Issues Questionnaire (CSIQ) and Social Studies Performance Test (SSPT) were the instruments used for gathering data for the study. To test the speculations formulated for the study, a simple linear regression measuring tool was utilized. The hypotheses formulated were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results from data analysis demonstrated that there was a significant impact of cultism, corruption and sexual victimization on the academic performance of secondary school students in Social Studies in the study area. In light of these discoveries, it was prescribed among others that students should be encouraged by teachers and parents in the study area to shun cultism to increase students' involvement in classroom study and time in personal study.
Keywords: social issues, academic performance, secondary school students’, Social Studies, Calabar Education Zone.