European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 58 No 4
November, 2019
Legal and Regulatory Mechanism of Electricity Generation and Distribution in Nigeria: A Review of Ibadan Electric Distribution Outlets
Ademola Taiwo, Adekunbi Imosemi and Eyitayo Adewumi
Power supply is a very fundamental part of man’s daily living. It is needed in our homes, hospitals, offices, schools and in the society generally. It also promotes industrialization of countries. It is widely known that efficient power supply is apposite for the economic development of any nation. In Nigeria and some other developing nations, the electricity generation and distribution is at an all round low for more than decades. There is constant failure and instability in power supply and this inhibits the economic growth in Nigeria. This power failure is due to many reasons and this paper examines some of those reasons. The paper analyses electricity generation and distribution in Nigeria with particular reference to Ibadan Electricity Distribution outlets. It also examines the legal and regulatory mechanisms intended to improve the efficiency of power supply in Nigeria. The qualitative approach is used in this article. Secondary data from scholarly published books, journals, articles, on line materials and reports is used in this work. The study concludes that unless the power supply situation improves in Nigeria, the country cannot truly experience sustainable economic development and all round growth. Hence, the paper recommends that, the government dedicate resources and energy into the generation of electricity sufficient for the country and her economic advancement.
Keywords: Power supply, generation, distribution, regulatory, legal mechanism.
Analysis of Law of Intestate Succession under the Yoruba Customary Law of South West, Nigeria
Ademola A Taiwo and Adekunbi Imosem
Succession appears to be an important aspect of every human being’s life regardless of the nature of law, whether Statutory, Islamic or Customary law. However, the main objective of this study is to analyze the law of succession particularly law of intestate succession under the Yoruba Customary law of South West, Nigeria. It is also to explain the Customary Law of intestate succession in Nigeria from Yoruba cultural world views. That is, to discuss Customary law from perspective of the fact that it is a set of acceptable rule by all normal members of a society laying claim to it as defining their rights and laying down reasonable ways through which members ought to behave and conduct themselves in relation to one another, practices, things and ways of obtaining protection for one another in a define society or group. The article look at the concept of custom from Section 239 of the Evidence Act as “a rule which in a particular district has form a long usage, obtained the face of Law” No wonder, the Anambra Customary Court perceived the Customary law as a rule or body of rules regulating the rights and imposing correlative duties, been a rule fortified by established usage which applicable to any particular cause, matter, dispute, issue or question. The study recommended that the Customary Law Reform Commission should be established by the state and the Federal government respectively.
Keyword: Law, Intestate, Succession, Custom, Analysis, the Yoruba
The Impact of the Social and Cultural factors on School Students and Juvenile Delinquency in Kuwait (Time Period from 2001-2002)
Amer Alsaleh
In the last several decades, there has been a dramatic increased in the number of juvenile delinquents in Kuwait. The current study aims to determine the social and cultural factors of juvenile delinquency. The data was collected through survey forms from 2001 to 2002. Using the survey data which drawn from Kuwaiti youth, some of whom are incarcerated in the juvenile detention facility (social care house), and others who attend Kuwaiti public schools. Results from the multiple linear regression models revealed that there are several statistically significant predictors of property delinquency among both youth incarcerated in the social care house and students in the public schools.
Future research might examine the long-term impact of the factors analyzed by using a longitudinal research design. Appropriate care with special teams who have local community skills would be a possible starting point.
Keywords: Family-social control-juvenile-student-delinquency
The Jordanian-Chinese Strategic Partnership
Abdalhaleem Man’a Al Adwan
The earliest contacts between the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan dates to the mid-1950, however, the civilizational contacts between the Arab and Chinese civilizations dates back to 115 BC. The objective of this paper is to highlight the strategic partnership between China (PRC) and Jordan since World War II. This research endeavor will examine bilateral ties between the two sides based on five elements; political relations, trade ties, energy cooperation, cultural relations and security coordination. In this article, the term People’s Republic of China, and/or China will be used interchangeably.
Keywords: China, Jordan, strategic partnership, trade, investment, security, energy, culture.
Participation of Female Farmers in Water Management in Rahad Irrigation Project
Shadia Abdel Rahim Mohammed
This article is based on survey conducted in 2009. The main objective is to examine the participation of female farmers in water management in Rahad Project. Other objectives include investigating the gender role in agriculture, irrigation and knowledge of water management possession. The study adopted the analytical descriptive approach using the qualitative and quantitative tools such as questionnaire and interview checklist. The study sample is a multi-stage stratified random sample consisted of 30 farmers equally selected from both sexes. SPSS was used to generate frequency distribution tables. The results have shown that female farmers perform more than half of the entire labor process (56%), payment arrangement is entirely a male activity, male farmers possess a high degree of water knowledge. Female farmer largely lacked such knowledge the situation that reveals a gender gap in information access and decision making. The study recommended the set up of a gender sensitive effective information dissemination system for water management at all levels.
Keywords: Participation, Gender, Water Management, Rahad Irrigation.
Two Sensory Learning Styles as Predictors of Primary School Pupils’ Academic Performance in Social Studies
Cornelius-Ukpepi, B. U, Ndifon, Rita A, Edu, Grace and Akpama, Gladys
This study investigated two sensory learning styles and pupils’ academic performance in Social Studies in primary schools in Calabar Education Zone, Cross River State Nigeria. To guide the study, two research questions and hypotheses were formulated. The Ex-post-facto research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was 2,596 primary six pupils, comprising of 1,318 male and 1,278 females pupils in public primary schools in Calabar education zone, Cross River State. Simple random technique was adopted in selecting the sample size of 1,491 primary six pupils comprising 757 male and 734 female. Structured questionnaire titled, Pupils Learning Style Questionnaire (PLSQ) and Academic Performance Test in Social Studies (APTSOS) were the instruments used for data collection. Data was analyzed using One-way Analysis of Variance. The result of the analysis revealed that visual and verbal learning styles significantly influence pupils’ academic performance in social studies. Based on the findings, it was recommended among other things that Social studies teachers should often present information in charts, diagrams or pictures and write notes clearly on a chalkboard or whiteboard marker using different colours of chalks or whiteboard marker to encourage visual learners improve on their academic performance.
Keywords: Visual, Verbal, Learning styles, Social Studies, Academic performance.