European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 56 No 4
June-July, 2018
Modelling the Demand for Electric Vehicles
Mohammad M. Hamed and Basel M. Al-Eideh
This paper addresses the demand for electric vehicles (EV). More specifically, the paper develops a number of disaggregate models to estimate the future demand for EV in Jordan. Two approaches were developed to estimate the future demand. The first relates to Information Indices (II) and the second relates to Poisson regression model. Data from a random sample of 253 respondents were used to estimate the models. Analyses conducted in this paper clearly provide insights into some of the factors that play a role in the demand for EVs in Jordan. Empirical outcomes of this paper confirm earlier findings reported in the literature. Unlike other papers, we estimated Poisson regression and Information indices models and provided forecasts of the demand for EV in the near and medium future (one to four years from now).
Estimation results presented in this paper clearly show that both EV technological limitations (limited driving range), lack of charging stations and un-availability of proper repair facilities play a key role in the demand for EVs in Jordan’s market. More specifically, with the availability of charging stations and proper repair facilities/shops consumers are more likely to choose shorter durations to purchase EV. If these two factors were unavailable, consumers are likely to wait and not purchase now. Other factors that turned out to be significant and affect the demand are: age, gender, total household income level, driver’s occupation and driving experience. It is important to note also that drivers who currently own an EV or a hybrid car are more likely to have shorter durations to buy EV when compared with those without EV or hybrid car. Results from this study indicate that consumers in Jordan are likely to consider EVs as an alternative to conventional or hybrid cars (with internal combustion engine cars) during the purchasing process.
Keywords: Electric vehicles, demand modeling, Information Indices, Regression.
Derivative Contracts in Business Law. Between the Shari'a and Law
Docteur/ Sinan AL Shattnawi
Derivative contracts may at some point clash with Shari'a rules in terms of the existence, or in the case of delivery or the appraised amount. It is in fact one of the means by which the market attracts its customers by relying on luck, risk and sometimes gambling, and this is for the reason that the investor may have the intention to take advantage of an opportunity due to his view and anticipation of a future situation of the market and buy the right to access shares, currency or both, it may achieve what he was hoping for which is a profit, and he may losses. The investor's intention may be at certain times to protect himself against an expected loss by placing the risk on another party and obliging him to buy when the damage is incurred for a price that protects him against the loss caused by lower prices, increasing competition for financial markets, reorganizing savings and investment, globalization of financial markets and technological progress.
Derivative contracts are divided into four types: Forward Contracts, Futures Contracts, Option Contracts and Swaps, taking in consideration that each contract has specific characteristics, but in the same time each contract of the four types has the same financial risk management.
The Risk of Allocating A Financial Liability in A One Person Company: A Comparative Study
Zein Ghanem Abdul-Jabbar
The federal legislator has developed new forms of companies in companies law no. 2 of 2015 including (One Person Company), which is incorporated in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Companies Law, where One Person Company can take the form of a limited liability company subject to the same provisions, or may be a private joint stock company and therefore the provisions of private joint stock company can be then apply.
There is no doubt that the One Person Company contributes to the expansion and development of the scope of commercial and industrial projects on the one hand ,and eliminates the fake multiplicity in companies that have been established.
Since the One Person Company is a commercial enterprise whose owner is solely responsible for the company's debt within the company's capital, the principle of " financial allocation " is clearly evident in this respect, which makes the company's liability completely separate from the owner's financial assets.
If the company's activity is positive and has not been hindered by any trammels, then there is no risk to the company's creditors. However, there are risks when the company's business becomes disrupted by its debts, and then real problem of financial allocation and the inability to settle debts appears.
Changes in Target Employees’ Old and Current Organizational Identification and the Impact of Motivational Cultural Intelligence
Ralf Bebenroth and Maimunah Ismail
This study investigates changes in organizational identification of target employees in a post cross-border acquisition. The study also examines the influence of motivational cultural intelligence on organizational identification of target employees. We examined organizational identification using the Social Identity Theory as the underlying theoretical framework. The study found evidence that the process of organizational identification is a continuous and slow process, remaining stable to the old but increasing to the new firm. Also, motivational CQ of target employees influenced the degree of organizational identification to the new firm.
The findings in this study showed that organizational identification and motivational cultural intelligence of target employees are important factors what need to be taken into account after a cross-border acquisition has taken place.
Keywords: organizational identification; motivational CQ; cross-border acquisition; Social Identity theory; Japan.
Transport of Food Products and Refueling Area of the City of Abengourou (Ivory Coast)
AKA Kouadio Akou and KANGA Koco Marie Jeanne
Located in forest zone, the department of Abengourou where agriculture remains dominated by cultures of pension, one wonders about the capacity of its farming world to constantly satisfy to needs increasing with households in local food commodities. Because of the favorable natural conditions and the financial advantages that procure the sale of foodstuffs, all localities of the department participate also, in the restocking of markets of the Abengourou city. This regular restocking depends on the dynamism of actors, to know producers, tradesmen and carriers. The present survey is a contribution to a better knowledge of the system of urban market provision. The methodological gait of the survey understands the documentary investigations done in libraries and centers of university documentation, of centers of research and the technical offices situated to Abidjan and Abengourou, on the one hand. On the other hand, investigations of land have been achieved by the main actors of foodstuffs sector. The results show that the production takes place in a traditional way in laborious conditions on small parcels rarely exceeding one hectare. In spite of the rustic work hardness, the food commodity main thing merchandised in the different markets of the Abengourou city is produced in the department.
Keywords: Coast, Abengourou, transport, local food products, supply, urban markets.
Implications of Organisational Leadership Style on the Performance of Deposit Money Bank’s Employees in Nigeria
Anthony Chukwuma Nwali and Clementina Kanu
The study investigated the implications of leadership styles on the performance of workers of deposit money banks in Nigeria. It made use of mix-method research that applied both questionnaires and interviews. It was conducted in nine (9) money deposit banks situated in South-eastern Nigeria. The population of the study was 2,571 comprising the entire staff of the selected banks. Freund Williams’ formula for sample size determination was used to arrive at 553 sample size. It was proportionally allocated using Bowley’s method. Data was first analysed with the aid of frequency distribution of the variables. Hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using regression analysis to determine the implications of leadership style on motivation, employee behaviour and performance, adopting satisfaction and absenteeism as supporting variables to provide better understanding. Pearson-Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was applied to establish the reliability of instrument. The findings indicate that leadership style have positive significant relationship with motivation, job satisfaction, absenteeism and performance and consequently affect employee behaviour, management and performance. This implies that what influences employees must be identified and managed properly as they have far-reaching implications for the organisations since human resources represent the individual, the third theoretical foundation of organisational behaviour that consists of emotions, moods, personality, motivation, perception and decision-making. The study therefore concluded by recommending the adoption of leadership style that is supportive and recognises value-based motivation.
Keywords: Organizational Behaviour, Motivation, Leadership, Performance, Deposit Money Banks, Employee
Comparative Study of Cost and Social Effect of Information and Communication Technology in the Operations of Banking Sector. A Case Study of Nigeria and Ghana
Clementina Kanu and Anthony Chukwuma Nwali
The study empirically examines and compares the cost and social effect of ICT on deposit money banks’ operational activities in Nigeria and Ghana. The scope of the study covers 2000-2016 adopting a secondary data as collected from ten deposit money banks from each country. The key objective of the study is to determine the impact of ICT and its cost and social effect on deposit money banks’ operational activities, level of unemployment and rate of cybercrime in the society. The results obtained indicate that the application of ICT in the Nigerian banking sector enhances maximum profitability, with negative effect on the society through increase in cybercrime and unempolyment rate. Similarly, in Ghana ICT equally enhances profitability and cybercrime, boost job creation without a negative effect on the level of unemployment. The study concludes that the adoption of ICT in the Nigerian and Ghanaian banking sector are in line with the global best banking and financial practices as it enhances profitability, similarly its application in Nigeria has increase the rate of unemployment squarely on the grounds of lack of adequate training. The study therefore recommends training of personnel on ICT skill sets. Law curtailing cybercrime should be enacted to restor public trust.
Keywords: Cost, cybercrime, technology, banking sector, financial inclusion.
Aperçu Historique des Techniques de Conservation et de Transformation des Racines Tubéreuses en Côte d’ivoire: Cas du Manioc
GNABRO Ouakoubo Gaston and KOUADIO Kouamé Nanan Félix
Ce travail parle des techniques traditionnelles de conservation et de transformation de manioc, décrit les différents matériaux utilisés pour couper, broyer, presser, tamiser et préparer l’attiéké. La conservation et la transformation des racines tubéreuses de manioc ont à la fois des avantages et des inconvénients. Au-delà de cette considération, la consommation galopante degarba qui est unplat composé de piment, d’oignon, de tomate, d’huile et de thon grillé le tout baigné de l’huile, a permis l’ouverture des restaurants de fortuneconnus sous le vocable garbadroom dans plusieurs villes de la Côte d’Ivoire. Ainsi, la production et la commercialisation des tubercules de manioc connaissent un développement considérable au plan économique et social.
Keywords: Manioc, conservation, transformation, attiéké, garba, garbadroom.