European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 52 No 1
May, 2016
Structure and Economic Development Pattern in Jayapura Through Other Cities and Towns in Papua
This research aims to: (1) determine the economic performance of Jayapura City or Cities and Towns in Papua viewed from economic growth aspect and the contribution of the local economy, (2) identify the potential sectors of economy in Jayapura City, (3 ) analyze the dominant sector in terms of the economy in Jayapura City. The data obtained from interviews staffs of Centre Bureau of Statistics (BPS) based on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and the related documents. The analytical tool used was Typology Analysis of Klassen, Location Quotient (LQ) and Shift Share. The results of this study: the construction sector is included in the prime sector qualification in which this is caused by the growth rate of the construction sector Jayapura City larger than the building sector at provincial level in Papua. The potential sector qualificatios are: transportation and communication, agriculture, services, electricity, water and financial. The mining and quarrying sectors, trade and industry are the growing sector qualifications. The superior category are: agriculture, manufacturing, electricity and water supply, construction, trade, and transport and communications.
Keywords: Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Klassen Typology, Location Quotient(LQ)
The Influence of Psycho-Social Variables on Students Academic Performance in Some Selected Secondary Schools in Lagos Metropolis
Olusola Bamidele Okunlola, Dare Ojo Omonijo, Chidozie Emmanuel Mabia, Michael Chibuzor Anyaegbunam, Gabriel C. Ilogu and Omolola Abidemi Rotimi
This research was conducted to investigate the influence of psycho-social variables on students’ academic performance, using 150 respondents from five secondary schools in Lagos Metropolis. Questionnaires were used to obtained information from the respondents while Pearson Product Moment Correlation Statistics (PPMC) served as the major tool of data analysis. While the results found that Psycho-Social variables did not show a significant correlation on students’ academic performance. Also, the results revealed that there is no significant relationship between psycho social variables and academic performance but it exists between them. Lastly, the study indicated a significant correlation exists between students’ self-efficacy and their self-concept. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made.
Keyword: Influence, Psycho-social variables, self-efficacy, students’ academic performance
The Impact of Succession on the Family Business Performancein Bali Province
Luh Kadek Budi Martini, Wayan Gede Supartha, Gusti Ayu Manuati Dewi and Gde Adnyana Sudibya
The main objective of this study was to determine the impact of succession on family business performance in Bali. This research is a descriptive study conducted at the family business in Bali, which has made a succession, at least, to the second generation. Data were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively using a Likert scale. In order to determine the factors that influence the successor’s characteristics on the company's performance,the analysis was conducted through multiple linear regression using SPSS. The results showedthat the succession affects financial performance. The increasing performance is found from an increase of 63.33% infamily business net income as well as an increase of 70.00% infamily business total sales.The impact of the succession to the non-financial performance can also be seen from an increase of 88.33% infamily business guarantees services, an increase of 76.66% in family business total production and an increase of 51.63% infamily business market share. The successor’s experience in accepting the business transfer and the length of working period in the successor’s company give positive impact on the company's financial performance. The experience in business and willingness to accept the transfer to take over leadership of the company also contribute positively on the non-financial performance.
Keywords: Family Business, Performance, Succession, Successor, Leadership
Capital As A Factor in Bank Risk Taking: Evidence from Nigerian Commercial Banks
Ogochukwu Okanya, Lawrence Azike and Ifeoma Nwakoby
Using empirical evidence from Nigerian commercial banks, this paper examines the role of capital as a possible factor in bank risk taking. Bank capital is believed to serve the crucial purpose of providing a cushioning “shock absorber” effect, and so the directive that Nigerian banks improve on their respective capital bases were in line with international best practices. It thus became necessary to determine whether banks were more likely to take on more or less risk with higher bank capital. The ratio of Risk Weighted Assets to Total Assets was used as proxy for risk taking while the ratio of Capital to Risk Weighted Assets was used to proxy for bank capital. Our findings show a negative but significant relationship between bank capital and risk taking, suggesting that the risk taking appetite of Nigerian banks has not grown with the regulatory increases in bank capital.
Keywords: Bank Capital, Risk Taking, Risk Weighted Assets
Assessing Factors that Affect Implementation of Social Welfare Services in Nigeria
Abah Emma O. Edeh Joseph N. and Nwakamma M. C.
Government provision of social welfare services is a logical consequence of its fulfillment of her social contract with the people. In Nigeria, beautiful programmes are designed to improve the social wellbeing of the people, however, its implementation has been fraught with a lot of challenges. This study was carried out to assess the factors that hinder implementation of social welfare services in Nigeria. Available statistics reveal that more than (100) one hundred million Nigerians live in abject poverty (Osibanjo, 2016). Unemployment rate increased by 8.2 percent in 2015. The latest World Economic Forum (2015), Human Capital Index ranking rated Nigeria 120 out of 124 countries studied. Nigeria ranks 136 out of 176 countries with a score of just 27 out of 100 on the 2014 Corruption Perception Index (Transparency International, 2015). Life expectancy is placed at 53 years and only 1.9 percent of the nation’s budget is expanded on health. The soaring number of the poor, unemployed, the sick, armed robbery, prostitution, drug addiction, militancy, terrorism, abduction among others appear to corroborate the above statistics. The study adopted content analytical technique and found that among the factors that affect implementation of social welfare service in Nigeria include wrong approaches to social welfare policy formulation and implementation, politicization of social welfare services; corruption, inadequate qualified social workers and lack of broad-based data bank for target beneficiaries. The paper recommended that government should involve target beneficiaries, in implementation of social welfare programmes; politicization of social welfare services should be discouraged, social needs rather than political considerations should be the driven force of government’s social welfare service provision. Political leaders and other public officials should not only be interested in how much money their predecessors left before leaving the office, but should also be interested in inheriting accurate statistical data as a crucial instrument for efficient implementation of social welfare services among others.
Keywords: Social welfare, poverty, unemployment, corruption, human capital development
Student Satisfaction On the Outcome of Efficiency Undergraduate Exam of the University of Jordan in Aqaba
Heba Suliman Alrawashdeh and Ahmed Atallah Ali Alsaraireh
This study aims to identify the determinants that affect the satisfaction of students from the university efficiency exam in Jordan University / Aqaba branch in terms of several parameters are student age, public high rate, public high branch, GPA, sex, and in terms of the nature of the specialty.
There were statistically significant differences in favor of some determinants.
The researchers recommend examining other determinants to see any larger factors affecting the satisfaction of students from the university and efficiency so as to develop students' skills exam while studying to get to the level of academic best.
Keywords: satisfaction, determinants, student performance, University of Jordan / Aqaba
Maritime Mortgage Rules in the Jordanian Law: A Comparative Study
Jihad M . Al - Jarrah and Khalid R. Samam’ah
This study deals with the maritime mortgage rules in accordance with the Jordanian and some comparative legislation. We find out that the Jordanian Maritime Trade Law provides for a part of the maritime mortgage rules in Articles (63-74), leaving the provision for the other part to the mortgage general rules in the Civil Law.
We have shown in this study the nature of the ship subject of the mortgage and the conditions for bringing about the mortgage, as well as the private mortgage procedures, starting from identifying the competent authority of the mortgage down to how to bring it about and the situations of its termination. The study concluded that the application of the general rules of mortgage is inadequate on the ship mortgage due to the latter’s specificity. Here, we have recommended for the Jordanian legislator the need to develop complete legal rules special for the maritime mortgage like some comparative legislation.
A Research About Director’s and Teacher’s Approach For Security Problems At Schools
Cetin Ayhan Seyfullahogullari
The function of schools is not only limited to provide the academical improvements of the students but also to perform functions related with all their developments. One of those functions is to provide a secure atmosphere for the students. In this paper, school security problem which has had more importance recently both inside and outside school is taken into account; the role and duties of school directors are defined and some suggestions based oon the studies realized out of Turkey are proposed.
Keywords: School Security, Director, Teacher
Emotional Intelligence and Its Relation to Social and Psychological Adjustment Among the Students of the University of Jordan
Hussein Khazer Almajali, Asma Naiyf Salti Saraireh, Ahmad Mohammad – Laid Bendana and Hiam Jameel Kamal Katanani
This study aimed at investigating the level of Emotional Intelligence among the students of The University of Jordan, and its relation to Social and Psychological adjustment, to achieve the purpose of the study two scales were used, Emotional Intelligence and social and Psychological scale. The sample consisted of (500 students: 155 male and 345 females). The results indicated that the level of emotional intelligence was moderate, and there was a positive relationship between EI and social psychological adjustment, where emotional intelligence components explained (82%) of total variance in the social psychological adjustment. The results revealed that there were no significant differences in the level of EI due to gender, but there were significant differences in the level of social psychological adjustment due to gender, in favor of female students. The result showed that there were statistically significant differences in the level of both of emotional intelligence and social psychological adjustments due to the study level.
Financing Women Entrepreneurs and Employment Generation – A Case Study of Microfinance Banks
Taiwo J.N., Agwu M. E., Adetiloye K.A. and Afolabi G.T.
Women are becoming increasingly important in the socio-economic development of both developed and developing economies. This is because they account for a significant percentage of the operators of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs). Despite these success stories emanating from the developed economies, the Nigerian case have not been encouraging. The Nigerian women have for decades engaged in survivalist activities due to little or no encouragement from the government. This study examined the impact of financing women entrepreneurs and employment generation among these groups within the Nigerian state. The study reports that financing women entrepreneurs has incremental effects on employment generations and it also results in multiple employment generations through improvement in their business activities, thereby increasing the numbers of self- employed in the country. The study recommends governmental intervention through the enactment of adequate policies to encourage women entrepreneurs.
Keywords: Finance, Entrepreneurship, Employment, Women, Nigeria

The Second Sex: an Analytical Study of Simone De Beauvoir's Influence on Arab Feminism
(With emphasis on the views of Durkheim)
Maysson Wael AL Otoom
The focus of this qualitative paper is on Simone De Beauvoir's work “The Second Sex” that was first published in Paris in 1949 and translated, in full, into English only in 2009. This distinctive translation formed a basis of the current study that indulges in a dialogue with De Beauvoir on the current concerns of the Arab woman. To achieve this, the dialogue was routed into two streams: The first one attempted to examine the mechanisms and strategies which De Beauvoir presented in her work as main resources to create the woman and to build her character in sociological, anthropological, and historical construction. While in the second stream, the study tried to look into the demands of the Arab woman at one end and her sociological existence in reality at the other end as a means to measure the distance between de Beauvoir’s project and the Arab woman’s project.
With this respect, we can consider this paper on one part as an attempt to honor De Beauvoir, and on the other hand, as a platform to think about the achievements of Arab women and their main needs and demands especially under the serious and critical Circumstances that Arab societies are going through.
Keywords: Sex, Gender, Social construction of the self, Nature, Culture, Private affairs, Public affairs