European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 50 No 3
December, 2015
Formal and Substantive Defects in Texts Governing the Case of Ineffectiveness of Debtor's Disposition of Creditor's Right in Jordanian Civil Law
Dr. Ahmad A. Owaidi
Jordanian legislator regulated the rules of the "Cases of Ineffectiveness of Debtor's Disposition of Creditor's Right" in articles (370-374) of the Jordanian Civil Law. I have addressed in this paper what I see of the formal and substantive defects in these texts. In terms of the formal defects, I see that the name of the case is inaccurate, which is mixed with the suspended contract consequent to the lack of ineffectiveness of the disposition. Also the legislator used inaccurate phrases and terminology, as well as overstated in some texts. The texts in question were tainted by substantive defects where Jordanian law did not require that the creditor's right is due, and did not require fraud and conspiracy to start the case, noting that the comparative legislation stipulates that debt is due, and stipulated that fraud and conspiracy by the debtor and the disposee to hold on to the application of the case of ineffectiveness of the disposition. The legislator did not regulate the subject of the fulfillment of the debtor to a creditor, which would affect the overall security of the debtor to the detriment of other creditors. In addition to other substantive defects that have been addressed in this paper. Several recommendations have been included in an attempt to avoid these disadvantages.
Total Permanent Injury Disability Compensation in Jordan; Multiplicity of Legislation and Differences in Effects
Dr. Ahmad A. Owaidi
I have dealt with this research entitled “Total Permanent Injury Disability Compensation in Jordan; Multiplicity of Legislation and Differences in Effects" in four topics. It has been shown through this research that the Jordanian legislator has confused in the Social Security Act between work-related injuries and occupational diseases, and that there is multiplicity in the laws that govern work-related injuries, namely, the social security law, labor law, and civil law.
The amount of compensation due to the worker for total permanent injury disability is different and varies greatly from one law to another. The same injury is compensated for by a certain amount based on a particular law, and the amount of compensation doubles to tens or hundreds of times in the application of another law. This matter calls for re- consideration of the texts to try to narrow the gap between these laws. I have also reached a number of conclusions and recommendations.

Exploring Teacher Educators and Student Teacher’s Adoption of Didactical Strategies in the Initial Teacher Education (ITE) Programmes in Pakistan
Abid Shahzad, Jo Tondeur, Asia Zulfqar and Martin Valcke
The present study explores the aspect of the actual adoption of didactical strategies by teacher educators and perceived adoption by student teachers in Pakistan initial teacher education (ITE) programmes. Both teacher educators (N=32) and student teachers (N= 250) participated in the study. Survey instrument was administered to the respondents related to their adoption of didactical strategies. The aim of the study was to describe and explain the perceived adoption of particular didactical strategies of student teachers and the actual adoption by teacher educators in real classroom practices. The results of the current study reveal an overall low-level adoption of varying types of didactical strategies from teacher educators and student teachers. In a comparative aspect, teacher educators’ actual adoption of all types of didactical strategies was higher than the student teachers’ perceived adoption. The study recommends certain measures for policy makers, curriculum developers and heads of initial teacher education institutions that prepare future teachers in Pakistan. The findings of the study also call for the implementation of student-centered didactical approaches for successful and goal-oriented teaching and learning in the initial teacher education system in Pakistan.
Keywords: Teacher Educators, Initial Teacher Education, Student Teachers, Didactical Strategies
Constructing An Appropriate Aircraft’s Liability of Passengers
The method used in this research is the method of normative legal research with the type of data in the form of primary legal materials consist of the Warsaw Convention of 1929, Law No. 15 of 1992 on Aviation. Act No. 1 of 2009 on Aviation, Government Regulation No. 40 of 1995, the Regulation of the Minister of Transport of the Republic of Indonesia Number 77 Year 2011 on Liability Carrier Air Transport. Secondary law material in this study in the form of expert opinions aviation law, whereas non-legal material is in the form of Indonesian Dictionary, Dictionary of Aviation. Legal materials collection techniques done by literature search. Results of this study found that the terms of the start of the air carrier liability in respect of damage suffered by passengers are starting to an agreement between the air transport with the passenger aircraft with a printed ticket that contains the names of passengers, departure airport, destination airport, flight times, fares paid by passengers.
The Fight against Doping in Sport as a Sociology Issue – Construction of a Research Programme
Patrick Trabal
This article examines the ways in which Sociology questions the fight against doping. By focusing on the particular place of this subject in relation to other health issues, the author lists and pinpoints the strengths and weaknesses of existing approaches. He then proposes a research program, initiated by the group he directs, with an aim to examine the connections between the values defended by the fight against doping, the tensions in the implementation of policies and the realities in the field. This work puts in perspective 15 years of studies and makes it possible to consider the challenges for an up-coming international observatory.
Keywords: Sociology, Public Policy, Doping, Drug policy, Methodology
The Role of Knowledge Management Infrastructure in Enhancing Innovation at Mobile Telecommunication Companies in Jordan
Jinan Aref Hajir, Bader Yousef Obeidat, Mahmoud Ali Al-dalahmeh and Ra'ed (Moh'dTaisir) Masa'deh
The aim of this research is to explore the role of Knowledge Management (KM) infrastructure (Organizational culture, Organizational structure, human resource, information technology, and physical environment) in enhancing innovation at mobile telecommunication companies in Jordan. A total of 300 questionnaires containing 41 items were used to collect information from respondents working in the only three mobile companies operating in Jordan. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to test the research hypotheses. Results of the current study revealed that there is a significant positive impact of KM infrastructure on innovation. The results strongly augment previous studies mentioned in the literature, revealing that the dimension of KM infrastructure that has the highest impact on innovation is Information Technology (IT). The results of the current study have several managerial implications for organizations; If mobile telecommunication companies in Jordan want to enhance their innovative capacity, they have to work on maintaining an efficient KM infrastructure, investing mainly in IT. When organizations have an efficient KM infrastructure, innovation will increase and organizations should obtain and maintain their competitive advantage in the industry.
Keyword: Knowledge Management, Mobile Telecommunication, Innovation, Jordan
Investigating Electronics Technicians’ Workshop Organizational Techniques: Immplication for Efficiency
Ogbuanya, Theresa Chinyere and Onuoha, Raymond Ikechukwu
Electronics technicians have not in many cases utilized the workshop organizational techniques effectively for operating their workshop activities. This has been a source of worry whereby this ineffectiveness has created lots of chaos, un-coordination, confusion, and inability to carry out repairs on electronics appliances. Four research questions and four null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The instrument made up of 68 items structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 312 electronics technicians in Imo State. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while t-test statistic was employed to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that, personnel control, safety measures, storage systems and inventory control systems were not practiced by most of the electronics technicians in the organization of electronics workshops. It was recommended that appropriate practice of safety measures, constant use of safety goggle and magnifying glass must be adopted by electronics technicians to ensure protection of their eyes. Electronics technicians should organize seminars and workshops so as to constantly update their workshop organizational techniques.
Keywords: Electronics, Technicians, Workshop Organizational Techniques, Efficiency.
Collective Action through Synergy Local Institutions to Protect Agricultural Market)
Wedy Nasrul, Nursyirwan Effendi, Yonariza, Melinda Noer
This study attempts to see some form of collective action, to protect markets gambir. This research in a qualitative study, design case study. Technical collect data done with data collection method (qualitative observation, interviews, group discussions and documentation). Data analysis used the descriptive qualitative analysis, with the reduction of data, presentation of data, and the withdrawal of conclusion.
The results of the study suggests there are some collective action in markets gambir. Collective action formed of synergy local institutions. Collective action formed is, transactions gambir in place and the same time, and collect taxes gambir. Transactions with making markets more competitive (perfect competition), as well as made it easier for the process of transactions. Tax gambir used of farmers experience misfortune and village development.
Keyword: collective action, markets, gambir.
Historical Review of Islamic Counseling
Mellyarti Syarif
Historically Islamic counseling (al-Irsyad ) in the presence of the world not yet known let alone accepted as valued guests, traces the history has cited convincing evidence, that the Islamic counseling has been around since apostolate of Prophet Muhammad SAW. Even before his apostleship when a young age too young he has been named by Quresy resident as a Counselor and respected in resolving disputes among the leaders of Quresy, but some experts have not been able to receive counseling presence of Islam as a science that is parallel to the counseling that was born in the West. Discussion of Islamic guidance and counseling is a relationship between a man who already has expertise in the field of Islamic guidance and counseling services with an individual who needs help to overcome the problems it faces so it (the client) can make a decision. Conclusion The purpose and function of Islamic counseling assured that the counseling started since apostolic times, no exaggeration to say Islam is much better counseling and older age compared to western counseling newborn in early fifties.
Keywords: historical, Islamic guidance and counseling