European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 48 No 3
August, 2015
Restrictions on the Power of the Majority of Co-owners in the Lease of Common Property in Jordanian Law
Ahmad Ali Al-owaidi
The administration and leasing of common property are primarily to be by the consensus of co-owners. However, the consensus could hamper the administration and leasing of this property. So the legislator considered the administration of the majority of the co-owners according to the proportion of their shares, so that those who possess more than half of the common property shall be entitled to lease it.
Researcher dealt in this paper with the power of the majority co-owners in the lease of common property. Is their power similar to the power of all co-owners or not? We have reached to the need for a set of restrictions to limit the power of the majority co-owners in the lease of common property. These restrictions do not exist in the event that all co-owners are leasing the common property. Since there was no previous study on this topic - within the limits of my knowledge- it can be said that these restrictions are represented by not leaving the majority co-owners to contract with themselves, the term of the lease not to exceed three years, the right to lease the common property not to be abused against the minority co-owners, and the obligation of the leasing majority co-owners to ensure that the leased real property has no rights attached to it for third parties and is free of defects. We have reached to the need to amend certain legal provisions currently in force and develop new legal texts to confirm these restrictions. Although the power of the majority co-owners to lease the common property is necessary so as not to disrupt the investment and use of it, this power must be restricted.
Attitudes of Social Work Students towards Organ Donation: An Experimental Study
Serap Dasbas, Semra Saruc and Nur Feyzal Kesen
The aim of the present study is to identify the extent to which the attitudes of social work students towards organ donation have changed by organ donation training program. The study was conducted through the use of a quasi-experimental model with a single “pretest, posttest and retest” group. Data were collected from social work students attending their second year at the Faculty of Health Sciences under Konya Selçuk University in the Spring Term of 2013-2014 (N=76). The data collection tool comprised of “Information Form” prepared by the authors and “Scale on Attitudes towards Organ Donation”. Initially, a pre-test was applied among the students to measure their attitudes towards organ donation and this procedure was followed by a training program on organ donation and finally, by a post-test. A retest was performed two months following the training (N=74). The study results indicated statistical differences in the attitudes of social work students towards organ donation after the training. Significant differences were identified between the pretest and posttest/pretest and retest results in all sub-dimensions of the Scale on Attitudes towards Organ Donation.
Keywords: Organ donation, attitudes, social work students, education, experimental study.
Policy Transfer Network– the Case of Public Service Agreements Transfer to Thailand
Lsares Sunsaneevithayakul
Policy transfer network, which is one of many policy transfer approaches, is used to analyze the case study of Public Service Agreements in the context of public management in Thailand. The analysis shows that Public Service Agreements as an instrument to guarantee and improve the performance of the public sector in the context of public management have been transferred to Thailand. Public Service Agreements are applied as a coordinated instrument between governmental departments and agencies. The government is able to check the harmonization between its departments and agencies with the objectives stated in the agreements. This is because of the need of the government to reform the Thai public sector by implementing public management. In this context, it is an internal need that brings Thailand to the transfer without any external force from donor countries, international organizations or transnational organizations. The transfer of PSAs to Thailand is thus an example of voluntary transfer. It can also be determined that Thai Public Service Agreements are a hybrid policy that transfers mainly from the UK and the US. Furthermore, it provides another piece of empirical research for the theory of policy transfer, especially from developed country to developing country that the use of the policy transfer network and its validation sequences demonstrate their worth as an approach to analysis of policy transfer.
Keywords: Policy Transfer Network, Public Service Agreements, Thai Public Sector Reform
Change of the Way of Life towards ASEAN Economic Community, A Case Study of Ban Klongro, Surat Thani Province, Thailand
Chuleewan Praneetham and Nutchanan Satjachaleaw
The objective of this research was to explore way of life towards ASEAN Economic Community of people in Ban Klongro, Puangpromkon Sub-district, Kiensa district, Surat Thani province, Thailand. This research was designed as a qualitative research, using observation, semi–structure interviews, focus group discussion, and SWOT analysis method. Population was villagers in Ban Klongro. The study found that Ban Klongro was established at least 120 years. Currently, most of the residents who live in the village are the traditional ones with 60%. Klongro village had a simple society with the inheritance of some culture from the ancestors to the present day. Agriculture was the main occupation of the community. People were helpful and supportive. The primary causes of the current social change were modern technology, quickly and easily perceiving of information, and adopting of modern culture into the community of younger generation. Hence, lifestyle, customs, and traditional beliefs in community had been affected. Moreover, natural resources and the environment were reduced. Although, the social change had affected the change of villagers’ lifestyle, the strengthening of social institutions of the community were still visible. Community members continued to maintain self-sufficient lifestyle. The system of utility and facilities had been improved.
Keywords: Change, Way of life, ASEAN Economic Community
Profitability Scoring Model for Mortgage Lending
Narumon Saardchom
The proposed profitability in this paper is a combination of credit risk score based on logistic regression and prepayment risk score constructed by survival analysis. Credit risk scores are used to rank new mortgage loan applicants based on the information on the consumer characteristics related to creditworthiness while prepayment risk scores are used to rank applicants based on their prepayment probability. Both full prepayment and partial prepayment are taken into account by double-decrement survival model to derive total probability of no prepayment which can be translated into prepayment risk scores. The two scores can be used in conjunction to create a matrix for profitability selection to achieve the maximized return on investment for their mortgage loan.
Keywords: profitability, scoring model, prepayment risk, survival model
JEL Codes:C41, G21, and D81
Role of the Internet and Social Networks in Egyptian Revolution of 2011
Shahriar Faraji-Nasiri, Hossein Harsij and Hossein Masoudnia
Among the most important recent phenomena in cyberspace are ‘social networks’ which have facilitated formation of cyber communities and play a pioneering role in social and political changes in societies. In this sense social and political changes started in December of 2010 colored large parts of Middle East and northern Africa, particularly Egypt. This has initiated many questions about the role of technology and innovative media structures in political movements. In this vein, one important issue related to social and political changes is the role of new-found media. According to the increasing importance of social cyber networks in social and political changes of the society, the research questions is ‘what role have the internet and social cyber networks played in revolution of Egypt?’ The research hypothesis is ‘social networks were catalysts in increasing protesting aggregations in revolution of Egypt, through facilitation and expansion of communication between the protestors and coordination of them, devising programs, and formation and direction of protesting aggregations’.
Does Leadership Style of Hospital Units Managers have a Positive Direct Effect on Patients Satisfaction in Jordanian Public Hospitals?
Sallahaldeen Mohmmed Ammed Alawneh, Zainal Ariffin Bin Ahmad and Rusinah Siron
The Jordanian public hospital faces many difficulty inabilities to provide high quality of medical care and patient’s satisfaction. Leadership style influences the level of effectiveness of an organization. The purpose of this study to explore the relationship between leadership style (LS) of hospital unit’s managers and patient’s satisfaction (PS) in Jordanian public hospitals (JPH). A survey was conducted on employees were 336 doctors, 336 nurses were asked to rate how frequently their unit manager demonstrated each leadership style on a five-point scale and 672 patients to present patients satisfaction about the medical care they received, from 48 units in Jordanian public hospitals. The result of this study indicated that leadership styles have a positive effect on patient’s satisfaction. This study provides essential link between leadership style and patient satisfaction in Jordanian public hospitals.
Keyword: Leadership Style, Quality of Health Care, Patient’s Satisfaction, Jordanian Public Hospitals.
An Empirical Study on Relationship between Dark Triad of Personality Traits and Big Five Personality Traits among General Adult Population – An Indian Experience
Vaidhyanatha Balaji and Indradevi Balasundaram
Human personalityis result of various conflicting complex traits. For a very long time, Big Five Personality traits such as Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness were commonly seen by many researchers of Personality Psychology as the base for Human Personality traits. In the recent times, three unique yet somewhat overlapping personality traits known as Dark Triad of Personality traits composed of Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and Psychopathy has gained popularity among Personality Psychologists in studying Human Personality Traits. In our study, we have tried to address the relationship that may exist between the traditionally studied Big Five traits against the newly emerging Dark Triad traits on 104 persons recruited from a select non-clinical normal adult population of a Southern Indian state. We have assumed that People with high degree of Dark Triad Traits will have inverse relationship with Big Five personality traits such as Agreeableness, Openness and Conscientiousness. We have used a 27 itemed Short Dark Triad Test for measuring Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and Psychopathy while Big five Traits were measured using 44 itemed Big Five Inventory. At the end of the study, we have found, there were significant relationship exists between certain aspects of Big five Traits and Dark triad of Personality Traits.
Keyword: Dark Triad, Big Five Personality Traits, Narcissism, Machiavellianism, Psychopathy
The Effects of Merger of Tehran and Iran Universities of Medical Sciences on Employees’ Motivation
Nasim Nasirpour, Khosro Azizi and Alireza Mazdaki
Today's organizations need to acquire competitive advantage along with management and employees’ efficiency in order to increase their productivity and satisfaction through employees’ motivation. This study was conducted with the aim of investigating the effect of merger of Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Iran Universities of Medical Sciences on employees' motivation. The present study is a descriptive cross-sectional survey the statistical population of which consists of employees of Iran University of Medical Sciences and Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2014. Using Morgan’s table, a sample consisting of 260 individuals from Iran University of Medical Sciences and 310 individuals from Tehran University of Medical Sciences is selected from each population through simple random sampling method. Data collection tool is a standard questionnaire the validity of which is tested based on formal content analysis. The reliability of the questionnaire is estimated to be 0.86 percent as measured through Cronbach's alpha coefficient. In regard to data analysis, the independent t-student test is used in SPSS Software (version 18). The results show that motivation of employees working in Iran University of Medical Sciences is higher than employees of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. In addition, after merger, employees’ motivation working in Iran University of Medical Sciences is lower compared with pre-merger period. The decrease is even higher than the decrease in motivation of employees of Tehran University of Medical Sciences after merger. The results show that the merger of two universities has different effects on the employees of the two universities. Motivation level of employees working in Iran University of Medical Sciences is lower compared with the pre-merger period but motivation of employees in Tehran University of Medical Sciences is higher compared with both the pre-merger period and motivation among employees of Iran University of Medical Sciences. This shows that merger can have different effects based on the type of organization and the type of merger.
Keyword: organizational merger, employees’ motivation, university of medical sciences, job satisfaction.
Rate of Return to Education Revisited: An Internal Rate of Return Analysis of Indonesia's Education Investment Policies
Ace Suryadi
This study is to revisit the tradition of internal rate of return to education that had been carried out widely in many parts of the world since the 1980’s. It aims to re-examine the regularity previously identified based on various studies in Indonesia as well as in many parts of the world. Having employed the standardized model of the rate of return toeducation, the study aims to analyze the cost and benefit of several types and levels of education in Indonesia, using the last ten-year data points from the Labor Force National Surveyof the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). I have indicated a number of findings that reinforce the consistent regularity as identified by Psacharopoulos since 1985. Based on the findings of this study there are some investment policies of the Government that need further revitalization and are intended to improvequality and relevance of education nation-wide.
Keyword: relevance of education, rate of return analysis, investment analysis, human capital investment, & cost of education