European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 52 No 4
August, 2016
An Evaluation of the English Language Textbook Series "Flying High" for Secondary Schools from Supervisors’, Teachers’ and Pupils’ Perspective in Al-Qurayyat Governorate in Saudi Arabia
Ayedh HamedAlanzi and Ahmed Al-khawaldeh
The present study attempted to evaluate Flying High for Saudi Arabia (FHSA) series for the secondary stage in light of seven domains which embodied general appearance, topic content, social and cultural contexts, language content, teaching methods, language skills and learning objectives. The researcher used a close questionnaire of 60 items which was given to EFL supervisors, teachers and students while the other instrument was a set of interviews with teachers. The sample of the study randomly consisted of 5 supervisors, 40 teachers and 220 students. The supervisors’ sample consisted of all supervisors in the above governorate while the teachers’ sample represented all teachers' who were teaching Flying High textbooks in the secondary stage. Results revealed that the respondents agreed on the suitability of Flying High textbooks series. The Supervisors and teachers had positive view about the textbook Practice and Testing. There were statistically significant differences between male (supervisors & teachers) and female (supervisors & teachers) in their perspective about the General Appearance of the textbook in favor of male supervisors and teachers. Meanwhile, students had positive view about the General Appearance of the textbook. There were statistically significant differences between male and female students in their perspective about the appropriateness of Flying High textbook for Saudi Arabia in terms of the general appearance, Topic Content, language content, teaching methods in favor of female students. In light of the findings of this study, the researcher presented a set of recommendations to the Ministry of Education in Saudi Arabia ,fellow researchers and English supervisors and teachers.
Keywords: EFL/ ESL Curriculum evaluation, Saudi EFL curriculum, Flying High English Curriculum, curriculum development
Jordan's Legislative Policy on Parallel Imports and Exhaustion of Main IPRs
Saad AbdelKarim Abuelghanam
This paper discusses the legislative policy followed on the effect of the first sale conducted by an IP owner or with his approval outside Jordan and whether such sale leads to the exhaustion of his exclusive rights. Accordingly, the paper investigates the legality of parallel importation in the three main IP laws in the kingdom. The study finds out that while the copyright law follows a national exhaustion rule, the trademarks law adopts an international exhaustion doctrine; still, the Patents Law incorporates a qualified form of international exhaustion. In addition, the paper review the main arguments advanced by supporters of national exhaustion. It concludes that they lack empirical support and go against the reality of international trade. Therefore, this study recommends that Jordan follow a rule of international exhaustion in all national IP legislations and suggests amendments to both the copyright law and the Patents law.
Keyword: Jordan, IP Exhaustion, First sale, Parallel importation
Attitudes of Jordanians People toward Abortion Deformed Fetuses
Rodaina Khader Ibrahim Altarawneh
This study aimed to know the attitudes of Jordanians people toward abortion deformed fetuses, and it aimed to investigate the effect of some variable on these attitudes. In order to achieve the aims of this study, a questionnaire of attitudes toward abortion deformed fetuses were used to collect data from 800 persons (344 males and 456 females).
The results showed that the percentage of Jordanians people who refused abortion deformed fetuses are (43.5%). Also it indicated that there are statistically significant differences between the Jordanians people in the attitudes toward abortion deformed fetuses due to gender, and the differences favored to males. Also there are no statistically significant differences between Jordanians people in the attitudes due to (age, educational level & existence of a disability in the individual's family).
Keywords: Abortion, induced abortion, deformed fetus, Jordan.
The Impact of National Counter-Terrorism Measures on the Legal Frameworks Governing IHL and Terrorism
Shayma Hilmi Abu Farha
This study discusses in-depth the overlap between International Humanitarian Law and the legal framework of Counter-Terrorism measures impact on national level. The study aims to draw out a more clear “reading” of the counter-terrorism climate and the impact of anti-terrorism measures taken during armed conflicts from a legal, political and philosophical aspect.
Terrorism and counter-terrorism remain one important topic on international and regional political agendas given the renewed importance of the issue in armed conflict contexts and political debates.
The essence of this measures is to recognize that the world is staggering under the brunt of violence; its premise is the obligation of governments around the world to establish security and peace, and to take a more solid stance towards international issues with wise criticism and alertness, so as to spare humanity the risks of terrorism, and to develop the conduct of international relations in line with the needs of the vulnerable. Especially when recognizing that the structural causes of terrorism resulting from long lasting disputes and old armed conflicts, or resorting to force in fragile communities.
The importance of this study lies in the identification and diagnosis of Counter-Terrorism measures taken under Jordanian legislations, in particular the amendments taken in recent years.
Each community depending on an early warning system has the responsibility of initiating a preventive response through a series of efforts that lays emphasis on the priority of change in unstable communities and governments. The study concludes that this system fits indeed with the mechanisms of imposing the respect of international humanitarian law, and to outline some of the main legal issues at stake when an armed group designated as “terrorist”.
Supply Chain Management (SCM) Practices in Moroccan Manufacturing: the Key to Improving Organizational Performance.
Mr HAMICHE Mhamed, HASSOUN Abdelouahid and ABOUS Hajar
Supply chain management (SCM) has become a strategic tool of ensuring a competitive advantage and improves organizational performance. This article try to analyze and develop six aspects of SCM practice: Strategic supplier partnership, customer relationship, level of information sharing, quality of information sharing, lean manufacturing and postponement. The study adopted a model used by li et al (2005) for purpose to examine the degree of the Moroccan manufacturing industry involvement in SCM practices. The questionnaire was distributed to the managers and responsible of supply chain. A total of 360 company was contacted to collect data for the study. Both descriptive statistics (tables, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (correlation and multiple regression analysis) was used. Our results show that SCM practices positively impact on SCM performance.
Keywords: Supply Chain Practice, Performance, Manufacturing, Moroccan manufacturing, Competitive advantage.
Nigerian State and Responses to Plights of Persons Internally Displaced By Boko Haram Insurgents: Implications for Socio-Economic and Political Development
Anthony Itumo and Nwobashi, Humphrey Nwefuru
The daunting challenge currently confronting the Nigerian state is how to alleviate the plights of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the northeast occasioned by violent activities of Boko Haram insurgents. Since Boko Haram insurgents started their campaign of terror against the Nigerian state in the North-east in 2009, many lives have been lost while properties worth millions of naira have been destroyed, forcing many people to flee their homes for safety areas. Obviously, the most affected persons are vulnerable groups such as children, aged and women who are exposed to severe socio-economic, political, psychological, medical and environmental hazards. These sorry states of affairs have become serious sources of worries to governments, academics and other critical stakeholders in the Nigeria project. Despite the serious academic questions provoked by the plights of the IDPs and obvious need to demystify their socio-economic and political implications, extant studies had paid fleeting attention to this all important aspect of knowledge. This lacuna poses challenges of policy and analysis to government as there is no research informed explanations to guide its policy formulation and implementation on the on the matter. It is this void that this study strives to fill. The study adopts qualitative methods in carrying out its investigation. As such the study employs documentary data for it investigation while content analysis is utilized for data analysis. The theoretical framework that anchors the study is the social exclusion theory. The study discovered that the IDPs in the north east suffer challenges of starvation, accommodation, unemployment, school dropouts, sexual harassment, child labour, early marriage, poor health and sanitation. The implication of the findings is that the situation constitutes a setback to Nigeria development as it further compounds and complicates the already existing challenge of poor living standard in the region and invariably account for Nigeria’s low development index. The study recommends among others; that government should make more concerted efforts to provide the needs of the displaced persons while it expedites actions to end up the insurgency. The study equally recommended for the interventions of the international humanitarian agencies, philanthropic organizations and public spirited individuals to ameliorate the plights of the IDPs.
Keywords: Nigerian State, Internally Displaced Persons, Boko Haram, Insurgency, Socio-Economic and Political Implications
Reading Comprehension Strategies used by EFL Second Secondary Students and their implications to reading instruction in Jordan
Ahmad Alkhawaldeh and Mai Lutfi Alnajami
This study explored the various reading comprehension strategies used by 500 high school Jordanian students as they approached reading comprehension in English. A validated questionnaire of 55 items was used to solicit information from the students on their reading strategies. The main results that emerged from the analysis of the data of the study pointed to various strategies used by the subjects of this study eminent among which were strategies such as benefiting from the clues in the reading text to figure it out, identifying the main aim of the reading process before embarking on reading, reading the whole text to get a general idea about it, identifying the form and type of the reading text before embarking on reading , following certain steps to understand the reading text, relying on explicit information in the reading text to figure out, reading the whole text to achieve understanding and identification of the syntactical structure of the reading comprehension text to assist comprehension. More over, the study revealed other strategies such as deriving the meanings of the difficult words from the context of the reading text, identifying the different meanings of the words in the reading text, writing questions on the reading text to gain further comprehension, reading the text more than once to achieve effective comprehension, writing the meanings of the difficult words in a list, summarizing the reading text, connecting reading text content with reality, drawing a picture of the reading text in the learner's mind to understand it and finally collecting related extensive reading material to help reading comprehension. Upon the findings of this study, the researcher recommended that reading textual material available in the high school EFL curriculum should be rethought to try to develop strategic reading instruction.
Keywords: reading comprehension, reading comprehension strategies, EFL reading
Investigating the Importance of Cultural Development Indexes in Iran's Five Years Development Programs
Mehdi Rasoulzadeh Haghighi, Hosein Masoudnia, Amirmasoud Shahramnia
In the underdeveloped countries classical development theories which were centered mainly on economics have failed and as a result, the non-economic aspects have found more importance. In this prospect, culture has become important as the other aspects of development. This paper intends to investigate the importance of cultural development indexes in the five years development plans (FYDP) OF Islamic Republic of Iran. The cultural indexes are categorized in seven categories. The methodology of this research is content analysis. The results show that due to the logic of each FYDP, different degree of importance is dedicated to each category.
Keywords: cultural development, development program, content analysis, Iran
The Effect of Using the Interactive Whiteboard (IWB) in the Achievement of the 7th Primary Grade Students in the Islamic Education Course and in their Learning Motivation
Mahmoud J. Alsalkhi
This study aimed at investigating the effect of using the Interactive Whiteboard (IWB) in the learning motivation and achievement of the 7th primary grade students in the Islamic Education course. The study sample was formed from 89 of both genders: one group is the Experimental group consisted of (47) male and female and studied using the IWB support. The other group is the Control group which consisted of (42) male and female students and studied using the conventional method. Students of the two groups were given a multi-purpose achievement test and a scale to measure the students’ motivation in learning the Islamic Education course. The study results showed the existence of significant differences in the post achievement attributed to the students’ gender and in favor of the Experimental group. Also, the study results showed a statistical indicative difference in the students’ achievements attributed to their gender and in favor of male students. In addition, the study observed the existence of statistical indicative difference at the level of (α = 0.05) between the average scores of the Experimental Group students’ pre- and post-motivational scale, and in favor of the post-application. Additionally, it has been found a statistical indicative difference between the performance of the two study groups on the motivation scale to learn the Islamic Education and in favor of the Experimental Group. Moreover, it is found that there is no statistical indicative difference shown between the students’ motivation and their achievement attributed to the teaching method or gender. The study concluded by giving some recommendations in the light of study results.
Keywords: Interactive Whiteboard, Study Achievement, Learning Motivation, Islamic Education.
Permanence and Banality of the Crimes Against Humanityin New French Penal Code
Rana Atour
The crime against humanity involves many acts such as genocide, murder, torture, rape and assault, destruction of property, enslaving the population, crime against morals and values and many more. The study of crime against humanity has been widely disregarded in the past. In the French penal code 1994, these crimes appeared in the book II immediately after book I in order to provide a broad view of crime to comprehend their effects on human and society. Strict actions are undertaken in accordance with the French penal code regarding crimes that follows punishments for crimes against humanity. The article also includes a discussion over the case of Algeria that explains the crimes attempted by France against humanity towards the people of Algeria and the action taken in the light of criminal law during the situation. It is found that the crime against humanity has neither changed its nature nor its definition.
Keywords: Algeria, Genocide, Crime, Torture, Morals, Property