European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 52 No 3
July, 2016
Freedom of Belief and Conscience in the Jordanian Legislation and International Standards
Laith K. Nasrawin
This article aims to examine the reality of freedom of belief and conscience in the Jordanian regulations, against the conventional principles in the international human rights law. Although this right and safeguard is explicitly stated in the Constitution, that all Jordanians shall enjoy freedom of religion, the scope of such practice is restricted to observing the custom of the state, and both public order and morality. This provision was enforced by national legislation in Jordan with the effect of giving weight to the right of freedom of religion and conscience, however, on different levels. Some laws have correctly provided for such rights, whereas others have denied them for the nation. This legislative approach by the State of Jordan of inconsistently enforcing the right of freedom of belief and conscience raises concerns as to the adherence of the state to the international standards of human rights in this regard. Jordan has signed and ratified international conventions that require member states to undertake legislative and administrative measures to ensure the complete implementation of their fundamental human rights rules. Finally, the article recommends that certain pieces of legislations in Jordan are amended to give effect to the international principles of human rights.
Keywords: Freedom of Belief and Conscience, Jordanian Constitution, International Principles of Human Rights, Personal Law Status.
The Degree of Resistance To Temptation Among the Students of the University of Jordan and its Relationship to the pattern of Family Upbringing
Mohammed Amin Hamed Al- qudah, Mohammed Saleem Al-Zboon and Ashraf Ali Al-Ashqar
The study aimed to detect the degree of resistance to temptation at the University of Jordan students , and then determine the relationship of that family upbringing pattern prevalent in families requesting the University of Jordan . The study population consisted of undergraduate students at the University of Jordan 's population of 30982 students , and the sample was selected from the community by ( 969 ) i.e (3% ).
To achieve the objectives of the study, he study relied scale patterns of family upbringing ( style democratic - authoritarian ) : developed by Alsagar (1984) , and the measure of resistance to temptation , which was built by Tarawneh (2011) . And analysis of the results was calculated frequencies, percentages and Pearson correlation coefficient .
The study found that the degree of resistance to the temptation among the students of the University of Jordan high among males and females , reaching a percentage of males ( 58.7 % ) , and females (55%) , and that the pattern formation adopted by the family is the method of democratic , reaching its percentage of males ( 78.5 % ) and females (86.1 % ) , and that the correlation coefficients between the degree of resistance to temptation and style of family upbringing significant according to sex and overall.
Documentation and Follow-Up of the Violations of the Rights of the Charitable Associations and Organizations in Palestine: Luxury or an Urgent Need
Khalid Ibrahim Ahmad Talahma
The charitable associations and civil bodies of Palestine suffered from violations by the Israeli occupation forces that exceeded the legal limits before the advent of the Palestinian National Authority in 1994, and these have continued after the advent of the Palestinian National Authority. These violations increased, which led to the split between the West Bank and Gaza Strip, resulting in the careful establishment of the executive authority. Its intervention in the affairs of the charitable associations and civil bodies are contrary to what was provided in the associations act and its executive statute and the contents of the declarations and international charters.
Therefore, this research aims to state the conceptual and practical frameworks to monitor and document the follow-up of the violations of the rights of these charitable associations and organizations in Palestine, specifically by the executive authority of the substantial commitments to maintain the rights of these associations and welfare bodies. Of particular interest is after the membership of Palestine, as a "observer" non-member was approved the general assembly of the United Nations on 29/11/2012, making it member number 194 of the United Nations, as well as the official accession of Palestine to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 and to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966 on 1/4/2014.
This research aims to highlight the challenges and difficulties facing charities civil bodies in the exercise of its work for the purpose of developing its role and the means to monitor, to document and to follow-up these violations in order to pressure and influence the decision makers to stop these violations by all available means, as well as provide early intervention to prevent what has not yet happened, and not to limit its role to the documentation only.
Keywords: Charities civil bodies, documentation, violations, the executive authority.
Multivariable Adaptive Constrained Generalized Predictive Control
Meriem Ezzaraa, Mustapha Ait lafkih and Mohamed Ramzi
A constrained generalized predictive control GPC algorithm for MIMO (multi-input multi-output) system is presented in an adaptive version. Quadratic program was used to solve the restraint problem of MGPC, as the performance index of the MGPC was quadratic, which reduced the calculation and simplified designing of control system. A recursive least squares (RLS) algorithm can be used to estimate the parameters for systems. The Simulation studies, involving a distillation column model, are carried out to emphasize the performance of the proposed adaptive controller in tracking as well as in regulation.
Keywords: Multivariable adaptive control; Recursive least-squares (RLS); Constrained Generalized Predictive Control (CGPC); distillation column.
Quality of Education System Benefit from Religious Teachings
Hamed Purrostami
The discussed issue in this article is the way and quality of role of religious teachings in education system of the third millennium. Hypothesis of the article is that deeper research on religious teachings and the teachings of divine prophets can open new horizons to us. Due to terms of methods, these teachings include strengthening and developing strategies of knowledge sources in education system; on the other hand, they teach us better teaching and learning techniques. In terms of insights, religious and moral teachings could also have a role in two dimensions: 1) presenting a world view to science, teacher, student and educational environment; 2) presenting training through honest expression of scientific hypotheses and propositions. According to the author, only by applying moral and religious teachings, the ideal education and stable learning system will be sustainable even in the modern world today.
Keywords: Education System, Religion, morality, Science, Education, Training
Arts Quartet of Lifestyle in Islamic Teachings
Hamed Purrostami
Lifestyle has been known as a way of life of individuals, groups or communities in the face of daily physical, psychological, social and economic relations. This style can be known as the way of life or manner with the origin of life, however,it cannot be ignored that it is an art;of course, a collection of arts that forms a large pattern and style. In this article, four arts of thinking, trust, love and pleasure are studied. So that the art of thinking is the art of processing and editing of information by using the power of reason that is a type of a human's wisdom interaction with himself. Trust is the art of trusting in God for every things, trusting in God who is the source of confidence. In fact, trust is a realistic interaction with God. Love is the art of like and loving others that is an important factor and indicator for religious lifestyle and friendly type of interaction with the creatures of God. Finally, pleasure that is an art which is the art of enjoying life and targeted enjoyment of the world which is considered as a clever interaction with the world and its phenomena and blessings.
Keywords: Art, Lifestyle, Thinking, Trust, Love, Pleasure
Corporate Governance Legislations in Jordan Comparative study
Ashraf ALADWAN, Moayyad Tahtamouni and Abdelnaser HAYAJNEH
This paper explores the legislation and legal frame work that governs and regulate Corporate Governance practices and standards in Jordan.
The study identified the different laws, directives, and codes that are concerned with corporate governance in Jordan along with the most important regulatory bodies that enforce and promote “good corporate governance practices” among Jordanian companies.
The main objective of this study is to compare between the different laws and legal instruments that are concerned with corporate governance. We intend to address the different laws with respect to the principles of Corporate Governance as defined by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in 2004 .This comparative study will provide an overview of how each law (or relevant regulation) addresses the different principles and to what extent it is efficient.
Towards Teaching English Collocations through Implicit or Explicit Methods of Teaching
Shabnam Ettehad and Nader Assadi
The current study was an attempt to investigate the effect of teaching collocation of preposition through implicit or explicit teaching method. To do so, a quasi-experimental research design was conducted to report the effect of implicit learning method on Iranian EFL learners’ acquisition of collocation of prepositions in comparison to explicit learning method. Ninety five English majors, with an age range of 19-26, enrolled at Islamic Azad University, maragheh branch, Iran, served as the participants of this study. One of the two treatment groups received explicit collocation teaching and the other received implicit instruction on collocation of prepositions. The post test results showed a significant difference between the groups. The outcomes indicated that those who learned collocations implicitly through exemplifications outperformed than those who acquired the collocations explicitly through definition.
Keywords: English Collocations, Implicit Method, Explicit Method
Effect of Gender and School Location on Junior Secondary School Students Achievement in English Language Vocabulary in Akoka South Education Zone Ondo State, Nigeria
Josephine Uzoamaka Akabogu and J.A. Ajiwoju
This study examined the effects of gender and school location on students’ achievement in English vocabulary in junior secondary schools in Akoko South Education Zone, Ondo State. Two research questions were posed and two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The design of the study was non-equivalent pretest, post-test control group quasi-experimental research design. Purposive random sampling was used to select two schools for the study. The two intact classes (rural and urban schools) randomly selected were subject to treatment. The urban schools comprised 86 male and female students while the rural schools comprised 74 male and female students. The instrument was face validated by three experts the from department of Arts Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. The data collected were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). The results of the study showed that: Gender had significant effect on students’ achievement in English vocabulary. Also, school location had significant effect on students’ achievement in English language vocabulary. Based on these findings, it was concluded that the study provided empirical evidence of the effects of gender and school location in enhancing students’ achievement in English language vocabulary. It was therefore, recommended amongst others that teachers, school administrators and stakeholders should make learning environment conducive and give equal learning opportunities to both male and female students.
Keywords: language, English language, vocabulary, gender and school location
Effect of Electronic English Pronouncing Dictionary Instructional Resource On Senior Secondary School Students Achievement in Oral English in Enugu State Nigeria
Josephine Uzoamaka Akabogu and Anastasia E. Dike
This study investigated the effect electronic English pronouncing Dictionary (e-EPD) instructional resource on has senior secondary school students achievement in oral English. The study employed the non-randomized pre-test post-test control group quasi experimental design. One research question and one null hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. The area of the study was Enugu East local government area in Enugu State Nigeria. The sample for the study consisted of 130 senior secondary schools of all the four co-educational class two (SS2) students of all the four co-educational schools in Enugu East LGA. One intact class was randomly sampled from each of the schools and assigned to either the experimental or control group. Oral English Achievement Test (OEAT) was used for data collection. The instrument was adapted by the researcher from West African examination council past questions and validated by five experts from the University of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN). The achievement test was trial tested using twenty (20) students from the senior secondary two level of study, before administering it on the sample for the study. The coefficients obtained was 0.87 showing that the instrument was reliable. Using the instrument a pre-test was administered to the groups before the experiment which lasted for four weeks. A Post-test was administered after the experiment. The scores of the students from, the test was used as the data for the study. The research questions was answered using mean and standard deviation while the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the null hypothesis at P<0.05. The result from the data, analysis showed that students taught oral English using e-EPD instructional resource. Performed better them achieved higher than that taught using the conventional method these findings present crucial implications for English language teachers, students and stake holders in English language. Recommendations were made based on these findings one of which is that the English language teacher in Nigeria should be encouraged to adopt electronic English pronouncing Dictionary instructional resource as an alternative to the conventional text resources for smoother teaching and learning of oral English.
Keywords: Oral English, Dictionary Resource, Achievement, Test.