European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 52 No 2
June, 2016
Assessment of Utilization of Maternal Health Care Provisions in Orumba North Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria
Joshua O. Nweke and Evaristus Osita Oti
Health services are crucial aspects of the welfare provisions for everyone especially the pregnant women who are most often, denied access to utilize maternal health care provisions. Previous studies on maternal health care focused on economic factor as reason for poor utilization of maternal health care provisions without looking at the availability of maternal health care facilities especially in rural communities. This study therefore, examined the utilization of maternal health care provisions in Orumba North Local Government Area, in Anambra State Nigeria. Structural functionalism theory provided the framework. Survey design was employed. Simple random sampling technique was used to draw the sample of 384 respondents who were all females. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data on respondents’ demographic data and the utilization of modern maternal health care provisions. Descriptive statistics was used to analyse data generated from the field. Findings reveal that respondents utilize modern maternal health care facilities in the area very often (82%), the services rendered in the modern maternal health care were not satisfactory to respondents (84%), they was respondents unwillingness to utilize modern maternal health care provisions very often (88%) and respondents willingness to patronize Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) more than the modern maternal health care facilities (52%). This study therefore, recommends the equipment of modern health care facilities with both human and material resources to enhance their performance and productivity. Also, periodic training of TBAs are recommended to enable them render good and hygienic services that will reduce mortality rate among pregnant women who give TBAs high patronage.
Keywords: Maternal Healthcare, Utilization of Modern Healthcare, Health Services, Orumba North, Anambra, Nigeria
The Effect of Birth Order on Personality Traits and Academic Performance at Sample of Families in Jordan
Majed Mohammad Al – Khayat and Fatima Eid Zaid AL- Adwan
This study aimed to understand the effects of birth order on personality traits and academic performance by using a sample of families from Salt City in Jordan, it also examines whether these factors differ according to place of living, sex, economic level and number of family members. This study used a sample of (285) persons representing (60) families covering the whole of Salt governorate. Personality traits instrument developed based on two main dimensions; Industry versus Inferiority, which includes (10) items, and Intimacy versus Isolation which includes (15) items, while, the academic performance instrument was also developed, and included (27) items. The outcomes of this study have shown that there are various statistical differences for the Industry vs. Inferiority characteristics, Intimacy vs. Isolation characteristics, and academic performance. These statistical differences were based on birth order.
Keyword: Birth order, personal traits, academic performance
Analysis of the emergent Issues in Internet Banking Adoption in Nigeria
Agwu Edwin and Agumadu Mercy
This paper dwelt on the emergent issues of internet banking services in Nigeria with emphasis on factors affecting the usage and non-usage of the service. It aims to explore the reasons for the non adoption of internet banking services in Nigeria despite the numerous advantages as can be seen from other countries. The theoretical model utilised was TAM, a model which have been used to explain consumers’ intention to use a technology. Subjects for the study were bank staff, bank customers and students. The study found all the beliefs especially security to be significant factor affecting the adoption of internet banking services in Nigeria. The deduction from the findings was that for internet banking to assume a developmental dimension in Nigeria and for the country to be fully integrated and respected in the global financial environment, the prevalent level of frauds in Nigeria (and among Nigerians) must be addressed. In addition, the government and all stakeholders must implement the relevant internet security laws in consonance with international laws and conventions; provide adequate infrastructures, get the citizens well educated on the intricacies of internet usage and frauds, as well as the regulatory implications of wrong/fraudulent uses of the internet; ensure adequate interface and collaborations between Nigerian law enforcement agents and the various international agencies that are presently pursuing the course for safe internet community.
Keywords: Internet banking; Banks, Adoption, Issues, Nigeria
Impact of Product Quality Management on the Growth of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises
Agwu, M.E. and Afieroho, Evawere
It is evident that product quality management leads to the growth of small and medium scale enterprises; this is apparent in the market shares, profitability levels and sustainability of most SMEs that have adopted this concept. Unfortunately, there is little research on this area within the Nigerian business landscape especially in relation to SMEs. This paper contributes to extant literature on product quality management with specific focus on its impact on the growth of small and medium sized enterprises. A review approach was adopted and the findings revealed that the meticulous adoption of product quality management leads to higher competitive advantage. The findings further revealed that such SMEs enjoy sustainability and financial health. Based on these findings, the study recommends the adoption of product quality management to SME managers, the employees SMEs and organizations aspiring to stay ahead of their competitors in this turbulent business environment. Furthermore, organizational managers should incorporate this concept in their policies to ensure a culture of quality in all facets of organizational management.
Keywords: Product Quality Management, Small and Medium Enterprises, Firm growth
Characteristics of the Acquisition Strategy A Pragmatic Competence of Bilingualism Children’s
Dyah Werdiningsih
The purpose of this study is to assess the acquisition strategy of pragmatic competence in Indonesian language of preschoolers. This study used a qualitative approach with a longitudinal study design. The instruments of this study are researchers as a key instrument in the form of guidelines supporting instruments of observation and electronic recording devices and field notes. This research data in the form of oral speech are taken with the technique of observation of eight subjects, consisting of children ages 2, 3, 4, and 5 years each was two people. Data were analyzed based performance analysis techniques. Based on data analysis findings that learning strategies in the acquisition of pragmatic competence that were used preschoolers are cognitive strategies and social strategies. Cognitive strategies used in preschoolers, among others, (1) imitation of speech, (2) the repetition of speech, (3) the use of speech patterns, (4) improvement of speech, and (5) translation. Social strategies used preschoolers are (1) the request for clarification and (2) the question-reciprocal response. The use of type and various types of learning strategies is influenced by several factors, namely age, level of mastery of language, bilingualism, the child's personality, communication objectives, and learning situation. In the process of acquisition of pragmatic competence use types and the variety of types of learning strategies that function is mastering the forms of speech used by a child to express a variety of purposes to the hearer.
Keywords: acquisition strategy, learning strategy, pragmatic competence, and the learning of children
Individual’s Waste Disposal Practice in Urbanizing Cities: the Case of Hanoi City, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Kim Hoa, Nguyen Thi Kim Nhung and Nguyen Thi Nhu Trang
This paper is to provide a descriptive analysis of individuals’ waste disposal practice in Hanoi, a crowded city experiencing rapid economic growth and urbanization. Data for this paper was collected from a self-reported questionnaire survey with 400 residents in Hanoi, and sixteen semi-structured interviews with both local authorities and residents. Results show that whereas most of residents in Hanoi were well aware of how important proper waste disposal was, and had opposing attitude towards others’ fly tipping, many of them threw waste improperly at their convenience. While individuals’ socio-demographic attributes were found to have quite weak relationships with waste disposal practice, a significant association between individuals’ bond to community and their waste disposal practice was detected in this study, showing that the more residents are bonded to the community, the less likely they will discard waste improperly.
Keywords: Waste disposal behavior, social bond, developing countries, urbanization, attitude towards improper waste disposal, awareness, reaction to fly-tipping.
Primary Mathematics Curriculum in Singapore and Jordan: An Analysis and Comparative Study
Ahmad Moh'd Al-Migdady
This study examined and compared major features of mathematics curriculum in both Singapore and Jordan at the primary grade level. Four analytical research questions were used to guide the analysis and comparison. Overall results show that mathematics curriculum in Singapore and Jordan have common features that relate to content priorities and content organizations. Yet, the two curriculum have major differences regarding process priorities; Singapore has a well-organized conceptual framework that puts problem solving in its central priority and gives more emphasis on mathematical application, reasoning and thinking skills. Whereas, Jordan framework gives more emphasis on mathematical content and little emphasis on reasoning and thinking skills. Classroom implications and suggestions for researchers and policy makers in Jordanian Ministry of Education are included.
Keywords: Assessment framework for TIMSS, mathematics framework, mathematical process and content priorities, scope and sequence matrix, standards, spiral approach of curriculum organization, syllabus
The Examination of The Bank Employee Word of Mouth Communication Behaviours in Terms of Demographical Properties
Niyazi Gumus and Nur Aydin
In this study; it is aimed to examine the demographical differences in the online and offline (traditional and online) word of mouth communication behaviors of the bank employee. The sample of the study consists of 254 employees working in the banks with private capital and foreign capital having activities in Turkey. In the study, it has been revealed that the bank employee follows the social media accounts of their institutions, but a minority of them shares the institutional contents in their own social media accounts and they reply to the negative criticisms regarding the institution in the social media. In addition; those who would like to get promoted in the institution, those who would like to go on working in their institutions and those who could easily use social media in the workplace and those who love their institutions make positive word of mouth communication about the institutions in which they work in the online and offline environments.
Keywords: employee, online and offline word of mouth communication
The Effect of using the "Learning with Information"(I-LEARN) Methodon the Acquisition of basic Science Processes among Eighth Grade Students in the State of Kuwait
Manee Saad Almanea
The present study aimed to investigate the impact of using the method of "learning with information" (I-LEARN), on the acquisition of basic science processes among eighth-grade students in the State of Kuwait. The study specifically aimed to answer the following question: Is there a difference in the acquisition of basic science processes among eighth grade students in the state of Kuwait due to the difference in teaching methods. To achieve this aim, a sample of (95) eighth grade students. The students were divided into two groups: an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group consisted of two classes, the first one contained (25) male students and the second contained (22) female students, Both classes were taught using the (I-LEARN) method. The control group consisted of two classes, the first one contained (24) male students and the second contained (24) female students, these two classes were taught using traditional teaching methods. The study used the quasi-experimental approach. The educational material was built according to the method of (I-LEARN). A tool was built for measuring basic science processes, which included six core operations: observation, measurement, inference, classification, prediction, communication. The study data was processed using descriptive and analytical statistics, null hypotheses of the study was examined using the common two-way analysis of covariance (two way ANCOVA). The analysis showed statistically significant differences in science processes acquisition depending on the method of teaching and no statistically significant differences in the science processes acquisition depending on gender and the interaction between the teaching method and gender. The study came out with a set of recommendations which included using the learning method (I-LEARN) in teaching of science in addition to the recommendation of more studies that investigate the effect of using this method way in achieving other goals for science education, such as scientific thinking skills.
Keywords: Learning with information (I-LEARN), Basic science processes
An Anatomy of Violent Conflict between High School Students in Hanoi City, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Nhu Trang
As a response to the lack of scientific literature on school violence in Vietnam whereas this problem has become more and more alarming, this paper provides an insightful description of high school students’ violence in Hanoi city: how prevalent it is, how it occurs, what kind of conflicts is more likely to lead to a violent confrontation between students, and what a violent solution might bring about for students involved, especially taking into account the fact that they have to face each other daily after their fight. While describing all those aspects of school violence in Hanoi, this paper also try to make comparison between its findings and the characteristics of high school students’ violence in some other countries, with an attempt to make the assessment of the attributes of school violence in Hanoi more accurate.
Data for this research was collected from a one-year participant observation conducted in a high school in Hanoi to obtain an insight into the formation of school violence in its living environment. After that, self-administered questionnaire survey was carried out with the participation of 560 high school students from three high schools in Hanoi. Besides, in-depth interviews with students who initiated a violent incident, students who was victim of a violent attack, students who witnessed student violence, school superintendent, parents and teachers were also conducted to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of school violence and its meaning from different points of view.
Keywords: School violence, high school students, Vietnam, peer conflict, violent solution