European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 48 No 4
August, 2015
The Impact of Socio-economic Family Background and Body Weight on Students’ Academic Achievements in Mathematics: Evidence from a Nigerian University
Uche M. Ozughalu
Nigeria frequently experiences poor students’ academic achievements in mathematics at various levels of education. This study examined the impact of parental education, number of siblings in the family and body weight on students’ academic achievements in mathematics. The study used data obtained from the Department of Economics, Anambra State University, Igbariam Campus, Nigeria. Specifically, the study utilised information on Year One Class of 2009/2010 Academic Session, numbering one hundred and seventy-three (173) students. Three related multiple regression equations were estimated using the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) estimator; and White’s heteroscedasticity-corrected standard errors of the OLS estimates were obtained and utilised to cater for the presence of heteroscedasticity. Estimates of the regression equations reveal that parents’ educational levels have significant positive impact on students’ academic achievements in mathematics whereas number of siblings in the family has significant negative impact on students’ academic achievements in mathematics. Normal weight has significant positive impact on students’ academic achievements in mathematics while overweight and obesity have significant negative impact on students’ academic achievements in mathematics. Thus, steps should be taken to sufficiently improve parents’ educational levels, reduce family size and make students have normal weights in order to adequately improve students’ academic achievements in mathematics.
Keyword: Socio-economic family background, Body weight, Academic achievements, Mathematics, Nigerian University
JEL Classification Codes:C13, C21, H80, I21, R20
Further Evaluation of Trends in Students’ Academic Performance at the Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination in Financial Accounting
Adetayo, Janet Oyebola
This study is a follow-up of a study carried out by the author in the year 2005 to establish the trends in students’ Academic performance in Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination in Financial Accounting. Due to the necessity for evaluation at regular interval to establish how a programme is fairing, the new study was embarked upon to ascertain the extent of improvement in students’ performance between the year 2005 and 2010. One thousand eight hundred and eighty (1860) students whose results were released by WAEC in Financial Accounting between 2006 and 2010 from six secondary schools in Ijebu-North local government Area of Ogun State were used for the study. The analysis of the collected data was carried out using simple percentages and the chi-square test of significance as inferential statistic. The pattern of students’ performance in SSCE Financial Accounting, within the study periodrevealed a downward trend in which majority of the students had poor performance of grade level D7 and F9. The study also revealed that there is a significant difference between male and female students performance in Financial Accounting in favour of female students. There is also a significant difference between private and public school students’ performance in Financial Accounting. Private school teachers probably are better monitored and supervised to deliver quality teaching.From the findings of this study, it can therefore be concluded that there is unseemingly downward trend in the performance of the students at the senior secondary school level with slight improvement in the girls’ child performance and that private schools can perform at their best if given opportunity and time to do so.
Foreign Direct Investment, Tourism and Economic Growth in Malaysia
Fateh Habibi
This study investigate a long-run relationship and the direction of causality among tourism, foreign direct investment (FDI) and economic growth using Toda-Yamamoto Granger no Causality test for annual data from 1975 to 2013 in Malaysia. The results demonstrate that tourism, FDI and economic growth are cointegrated; on the other hand, a long run relationship can be inferred among these three variables. The results of Granger Causality test imply that FDI caused economic growth and international tourist receipts. Also, there is a bi-directional relationship between FDI and economic growth.
Keywords: Economic Growth, Tourism, FDI, Toda-Yamamoto, Malaysia.
JEL: E22, F1, O11, O47
Social Transformations in Qatari Society: From Tradition to Modern-Postmodern Social Dilemmas
Ibrahim Alkaabi
Over the years, social science scholars have been committed to understanding the nature of societal transformations. Thus, research on social evolution in Arabian Gulf states has always comparedthe change from Islamic conservatism to Western type-modernism. However, this is not sufficient to comprehendthe truechanges in Gulf countries, and this lack of research raises several important questions. First, how canthe changes in modern and postmodern social ordersbe described? Second, how can urbanization and its effects on Arab society be examined and analyzed? To respond to these questions, this paper clarifiesthe transformation period in Arabian Gulf societies by utilizingvarious theories of modernization, postmodernization and urbanization. This study will utilize questionnaires to collect data and analyze the transformation period in Qatar, the postmodernization changes and urbanization. Several recommendations are offered.
Keywords: Modernization, postmodernization, urbanization, family life in Qatar.
Political Identity of Syarif Community in Legislative Electoral Process 2014 in West Kalimantan: Threat or Opportunity?
Syarifah Ema Rahmaniah
This research enables identification toward Syarif political and cultural awareness imposing factors responsible for their low political and governmental involvement and representation. The issue, on my point of view, posits an interesting polemic demanding further observation. Convinced as the capacity function on leading Syarif share roles in social and politic realm, lineage system is unfortunately lack in triggering the involvement itself. Initially driven by the lack of political and cultural awareness, as mentioned above, the Syarif restrains itself from the potential capacity of certain inspiration, expectation, preference, and priority to evolve, which in turn, would permit them dealing with the political change. Regarding to the history of Pontianak Sultanate, the Syarif poses potential as an immense ethnical-based political group, which is sad to say, remains an ineffective real substance on generating political and governmental involvements as well as representation the Syarif could carry on.
Keywords: political representative, political identity, political culture, the Syarif ethnical politic.
Sociological Analysis of Political Development in Contemporary Iranian History
Hassan Hajizade Anari, Abolghasem Mojtahedi, Mohammadali Namroodi Azar and Nahideh Valipoor
Political sociology deals with revolutions and their impacts on society, revolution theory and crucial factors in formation and degradation of revolutions. Constitutional Movement is being considered as one of the most important propulsive factors in political development of contemporary Iran, therefore forms an appropriate ground for better understanding of revolution theories. The aim of this research is to analyze constitutional movement by analyzing time and circumstances in which constitutional revolution took place based on sociological theories. It should be said that Constitutional movement itself had been transformed into a chronic pain because of its various efforts to make a secular society and becoming an arena for political and factional struggles. Two opposing views were facing each other in drafting constitution: The first view was “lawful constitutional” which was emphasizing on adapting constitutional on Islamic norms with the aim of extending religion and justice. Sheikh Fazloolah Nouri and Ayatollah Naiini were the most well-known characters of this view. The second view was trying to adopt Iranian constitutional with western democracy. Intellectuals like Taghizadeh, Mirza Malkom Khan, Akhondzadeh, etc. were the most important theorists of secular constitutional. It should be said that Iranian constitutional was marginalized and gradually stopped as a result of lack of a proper theoretical basis, domestic tyranny, role of England and Russia (English and Russian tyranny), lack of justice and struggling with ethnic, tribal and sectarian conflicts.
Keyword: revolution, political development, political propulsive factor, lawful constitutional, secular constitutional, justice, leadership, intellectuals.
Quality Attributes Influencing Customer Satisfaction in Premium Ice Cream Stores
Hyung Seok Lee
The rapid growth of Korea’s premium ice cream industry has greatly increased ice cream stores. Many ice cream stores are under fierce competition and thereby try to improve service quality, product features, and the store environment for the purpose of satisfying their customers. This study examines the quality factors influencing customer satisfaction in premium ice cream chain stores in Korea. Specifically, this study employs a path analysis to assess the causal relationships among antecedents associated with customer satisfaction in ice cream stores. The results of the study show that quality factors, except for product quality, positively affects customer satisfaction. In addition, store quality has not only a direct effect on the customer’s quality perception of service but also an indirect effect on customer satisfaction. In other words, though store quality has no direct effect on customer satisfaction in a store, it indirectly affects customer satisfaction via service quality. Finally, this study discusses the practical implications of the findings, and proposes future research directions that are related to the limitations of this study.
Keyword: Service Quality, Product Quality, Store Quality, Customer Satisfaction.
Experienced Efl Teachers’ Challenges and Strategies in Teaching Speaking for Introvert Students
M. Arif Rahman Hakim
The characteristic of person will effect to their ability in communication. There are two main characters of persons. They are extrovert and introvert. Both of these terms are in contradiction. They affect someone communication competence because of motivation and egoism between extroversion and introversion are difference. Basically, the learner’s personality can help the learner to get success in learning language. Moreover, by knowing the learner personality, the lectures and learner can choose the appropriate learning strategies for them. This study is aimed to give the description the experienced of EFL teachers related to the challenges and strategies in teaching learning process in speaking subject for introvert students.
Keyword: EFL Teachers, Teaching Speaking, Introvert Students
Investigating Factors Affecting tax Culture in Lorestan Taxation Office using Analytical Hierarchy Process
Reza Sepahvand, Hojjat Vahdati and Rezvan Beyranvand
The aim of the present paper is to prioritize the factors affecting tax culture inthe Lorestan Taxation Office via the Analytical Hierarchy Process. The research method was a descriptive survey and data were gathered using a questionnaire designed based on Thomas L. Saaty method. The target population was composed of managers and supervisors of the Lorestan Taxation office all of whom been surveyed due to their limited number. Results demonstrate that among all factors affecting tax culture, individual factor has the highest priority; among indices, too, taxation law transparency, legal positivism, and Trade unions have the highest priority, respectively. At the end, some suggestions have been given to the Lorestan Taxation Office.
Keyword: Culture, Tax, Tax culture, Lorestan Taxation Office, Analytical Hierarchy Process.
Impact of Hosting Syrians on the Availability of Medicines in the Jordanian Public Health Sector
Ibrahim Alabbadi
Jordan is one of the fastest growing and most modern countries in the Middle East, small in size with a population of 6.25 million in 2012; the average household includes 5.4 persons. Procurement for the public sector is carried out through the Joint Procurement Department (JPD) based on a national drug formulary list selected in a formal stepped procedures depending –in major of its decision- on key specialized physicians. The latter is called: Jordan National Drug Formulary (JNDF).
The number of Syrians fleeing the ongoing conflict in their country into Jordan has been increasing dramatically, resulted in massive public health challenges currently facing Jordanian health authorities.
Keyword: Syrians, availability, medicines, Jordan