European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 47 No 3
May, 2015
Sailors Family Life in Bira Bulukumba Regency
This study aims to 1) To determine the meaning and essence of sailors family life in Bira, 2) To know the sailors family view in Bira about work and effort., 3) To know the sailors family view in Bira about human relationships with each other., 4) To find out the views of sailors at Bira families about financial management. This study is a qualitative study using phenomenological strategy. Data collected through observation, interviews and documentation. Subject/objectives in this study were residents whose husband was sailing Bira, Bira Residents who are working weaving, Bira citizens who sell uhu-uhu, (a type of Bira traditional cakes). Bira residents who ever sailed. Data analysis is done by qualitative descriptive analysis componential model. The results showed that (1) Sailors family in Bira is a family who rely on her husband's success in the sea as the main breadwinner. Nevertheless, his wife and children were left still looking for an alternative to obtain additional income, such as making auhu-uhu(a type of Bira traditional cakes), selling food and soft drinks on the beach Bira weave silk fabric. Weave fabric is a side job that is generally performed by a sailor family, including his wife and their daughters. (2) The view of Sailors family about the meaning of life is very positive, the indication can be seen in the answers informants generally answer that life is good because it needs to be utilized to the fullest. Their view of life also affects the work and effort. Generally informants said that the work and the work are to produce a remedy to live and work. (3) Sailors family in Bira generally embracing a simple lifestyle, in the challenging nature they remain loyal to wait my dear husband, so rarely or even no cases of fraud or deviant sexual behavior.
Keywords: Life, family, sailors
A Suggested Model for the Global Citizen from the Viewpoint of Educational Leaders in Jordan
Khaled Ali Al Sarhan, Saleh Amen Abbabneh and Natheer Sihan Abu- Nair
The aim of the study was to reveal Suggested Model for the global citizen from the viewpoint of educational leaders in Jordan. The study society was the educational leaders in Jordan; they could be divided into two categories: the first are all the academics in the Faculty of Educational Sciences at the University of Jordan, principals of public schools, and educational supervisors working in the capital, Amman Governorate. The study sample consisted of (162) educational leaders. The researcher used the analytical descriptive approach. The questionnaire for the study consisted of (42) items after then validity and reliability were carried out. The results have revealed that All dimensions of the tool gained a high degree agreement, which means that there is a high agreement among the educators leaders in Jordan on the importance of the tool item s that describe the global citizen. According to the results; the study has recommended that the national policies should include developing knowledge, skills, values of the citizen that revealed by the study until the citizen becomes more effective in dealing with others locally and globally. The curriculum in public education and university should Include knowledge, skills and values that revealed by the study, and conducting similar studies to investigate the views of other categories of Jordanian society leaders to investigate the characteristics of the global citizen, such as: workers in politics, science, sociology, media, economics, engineering, medicine, and others.
Keywords: A Suggested Model, global citizen, educational leaders.
SWOT Analysis of Wellness Tourism in Roi-Kaen-San-Sin Cluster, Thailand
Thirachaya Maneenetr, Aree Naipinit and Thanh Ha Tran
This article aims to study the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats to Wellness Tourism in Roi-Kaen-San-Sin Cluster, Thailand. The qualitative research method was applied to meet research objectives. A focus group discussion was organized in which 15 participants including academics, planners, representatives of involved public organizations, tourism entrepreneurs and local philosophers investigated SWOT analysis of Wellness Tourism in Roi-Kaen-San-Sin Cluster.The results show that the potential for Wellness Tourism in Roi-Kaen-San-Sin Cluster, Thailand is comprised 4four aspects which include 1) attractions2) tourism activities3) positive attitude of local community and 4) safety and security;while the weakness were a lack of 1) human resourcesfor Wellness Tourism 2) public transportation to wellness destinations 3) facilitates at the wellness destinations and 4) advertising activities to promote Wellness Tourism. However, Wellness Tourism in Roi-Kaen-San-Sin Cluster has a chance to develop because of 1) advantage of location 2) the Thai government puttingemphasis on the Tourism Industry and 3) the trend of Health and Wellness Tourism.
Keywords: Roi-Kaen-San-Sin Cluster, Wellness Tourism, SWOT analysis
Relationship between Coping Strategies and Psychological Wellbeing of Enugu (Nigerian) Prison Inmates
Philip C. Mefoh, Agnes E. Okafor, Ekwutosi L. Ezeah and Victor O. Odo
The study investigated the relationship between coping strategies and psychological wellbeing of Enugu prison inmates. The sample for the study constitute 300 prison inmates, 73.33% (220) were male prisoners while the remaining 26.67% (80) were female prisoners. The ages of the prisoners ranged between 18-58 years; their mean age is 43.50 years. Two instruments were used for data collection, they include: coping assessment scale (CAS) and psychological wellbeing scale (PWB-S). The result of the (Linear) multiple regression indicated that appraisal-focused coping (β =.35, p<.001) and emotion-focused coping (β =-.13, p<.05) significantly predicted psychological wellbeing among prison inmates of Enugu state command. Discussion highlighted practical implications of the findings and suggested other ways to help prisoners make genuine changes.
Keywords: Coping, Incarceration, Prisoner, Prison Inmates, Psychological Wellbeing.
Impact of Expanding Oil Revenues on Non-Oil Sectors of the Nigerian Economy
Adebusuyi, Adebisi T, Ellyne, Mark J and Obamuyi, Tomola M
The study assesses the impact of expanding oil revenues on non-oil sectors of the Nigerian economy, taking the agricultural sector as the non-tradable sector. The study uses annual time series data sourced from official sources from 1960 to 2009. The study covers both fixed and post fixed exchange rate system in Nigeria, grouped into three phases. The data are analyzed through the use of vector autoregressive (VAR) modelling consisting of impulse response functions and variance decomposition analyses. The study produces some empirical evidence for the contraction of Nigerian agriculture in the past five decades or more and it demonstrates that the changes in the direction of the Nigerian economy in general was in part a direct consequence of the increase in oil revenue which pushed up the exchange rate and made agricultural product uncompetitive for export. Thus, using the Dutch Disease thesis, the study concludes that the contraction of the agricultural sector in Nigeria was a result of the sudden windfall from oil. The study recommends that increased oil revenues be used on productive activities in order not to hurt the whole economy. Government should also provide extension services and new technology to enhance increase productivity in the agricultural sector. Finally, spending a significant proportion of the oil revenues on infrastructural facilities would greatly enhance workers’ productivity which would result in both short- and long-term growth.
Keywords: Dutch Disease, oil revenues, non-oil sector, productivity
Jel: E42, E58 , F31
The Role of EFL Students’ Professional Status and Place of Birth in their Predisposition towards Learner Autonomy: A Case of Shiraz University Students
Sara Kashefian-Naeeini
Inasmuch as the beliefs learners hold may either facilitate of thwart their development of autonomy, it can be rewarding to investigate those beliefs which demonstrate students’ predisposition towards learner autonomy. One of the goals of education is empowerment and one of the upshots of autonomous language learning is empowering students with the ability to learn on a life-long basis. In this study, a questionnaire was prepared and all male and female BA and MA students majoring in English Literature at Shiraz University were involved. They different academic achievement and place of birth. A questionnaire was administered to the participants and factor analysis of responses revealed the existence of five underlying factors for learner autonomy which were learner independence, dependence on the teacher, learner confidence, attitudes towards language learning and self-assessment. Based on Analysis of Variance it came to light that academic achievement influences students’ autonomy in that high-achieving students obtained a higher index of autonomy. Moreover, birthplace affects students’ self-assessment as one of the underlying factors of autonomy. Once language learners take more initiative for their learning and show more inclination towards autonomy, their interests would be raised and they would be imbued with an enthusiasm for learning for life.
Keywords: Learner Autonomy, Academic Achievement, Place of Birth, Insightful beliefs, Detrimental beliefs, Underlying Factors of Autonomy.
Analysis of Role of Virtual Social Networks in New Social Movements (NSMs) with a Look at the Developments in Tunisia and Egypt
Havva Ebrahimipour, Seyyed Javad Emam Jome’zadeh and Hossein Masoudnia
Virtual social networks as a new phenomenonin the cyberspace provide the possibility of creating virtual communities and they are considered as a progressive force in social and political changes of the communities. In these networks, in addition to inter-network interactions, intra-network interactions are also common. These interactions not only result in formation of the collective identity and power but also play a role in formation of social waves and affecting the realities of the actual environment. In relation to the recent protest movements in the Middle East and North Africa, two hypotheses are imaginable: firstly, lack of existence of leadership and a charismatic character to lead the protests, and secondly, widespread us of media and cyberspace for organizing the protests. The second subject this research tries to survey is also considered as the main question of this research and it points out that whether the virtual social networks had a role in the movements in Tunisia and Egypt or not and if these networks were effective, how did they apply this role and effect on these movements; thus the aim of this research is explaining this hypothesis that how the Egyptian and Tunisian protestors managed to use cyberspace for having coordination and mutual interactions among different groups and how they created a kind of collective identity around the mutual resources and restrictions and how they formed a collective action for standing against the government and how they organized their protest movements in different geographical regions.
Keyword: Virtual Social Networks, New Social Movements, Collective Identity, Social Mobilization
Essay in Sofia Destruction and its Comparison with the Buddhist Nirvana
Fatemeh Rahnama Chakel Mahalleh and Seyyed Karam Ebadi Jokandan
Sufi destruction is forgetting us and being drawn in observation of features of divinity. It means that Sufi in passing the way of God reached the position that all of his manifestations diminishes and doesn’t remain anything except observing divine attributes. The highest rank of destruction is while demander doesn’t know that he reaches the position of destruction that is reasoning to the state of destruction will be lost and it is the state that sufi call it << Fana olfana>>. The position after destruction is the position of << survival of God>> and it means that observing divine nature. However the last step of Buddhist way of God and destination of Budhism manner is freedom of hierarchy of reasons of pains and appearances and extinguishing the severity of desires and awareness and absolute calmness. In this research destruction of Sufi and its comparison with Buddhism Nirovana has been done through descriptive and analyzing content and comparative studies and the result shows that destruction of Sufi and Buddhist Nirovana is the last step of the traveler of the way of God and creates undescribing features with the difference that leads to sufi destruction.
Keywords: mysticism, sufi destruction, nirovana, Buddhism conduct.
An Integrative View on Green Branding: Exploring a Common Conceptualization and Research Agenda
Hemantkumar P. Bulsara, Meenu Shant Priya and Samant Shant Priya
In this contemporary era, building strong green brand has become an important marketing strategy for many companies. The presumption is that adding green values in core brand will bring many more marketing advantages. It has been mostly a top agenda for companies while penetrating into the market. In the view of the fact that less studies are available on green branding and their different integrative approach therefore, the purpose of this work is to present an integrated approach that could cope with the a multidisciplinary review of the academic research on transition from brand to green brand, green practices/ green branding in different sectors and green branding study at worldwide level. In fact, the main contribution of this paper lies in the analysis of the integrative approach of green branding and in proposing a theoretical framework on green branding.
Keyword: Brand, Branding, Green Branding, Organization, continental, Market Strategy

Vocabulary Learning Strategies used by English as a Foreign Language Students at Public Secondary Schools in Jordan
Bushra Al Majali
The goal of this paper is to investigate the vocabulary teaching strategies used by English as a foreign language teachers at public secondary schools in Jordan. The sample of the study comprised 10 students. The researcher used random sampling process to select the participants of the study. This is an experimental research in which the researcher used textual analysis (test) to elicit data from the participants. The findings of the research indicated that female learners use all types of strategies in learning new vocabulary on top of direct and indirect methods. This is because direct strategy is very important since it teaches the novice students the basics of how to learn vocabulary. This research recommends that further future research study be conducted in this area in order to improve teaching vocabulary when learning English as a foreign language. It also proposes the raise of students' awareness that there are many other vocabulary learning strategies and therefore the strategy training is necessary to be done by the teachers.
Keyword: Vocabulary, Teaching Strategies, Direct Teaching Strategies, Indirect Teaching Strategies.