European Journal of Social Sciences

 Volume 46 No 2
January, 2015
Design of Elderly Residence with Approach of Increase in Resident’s Life Expectancy (Shemiranat Area Nursing Homes in Tehran)
Esmaeil Zarghami, Ali Sharghi, Milad Olfat and Shadi Rahbar Sabbaghi
There is traditional life style in Iran country and an elderly is observed as whitebeard elder, but changing lifestyle in the modern era, this role is being destroyed and old age is not seen more as a new season of life. This reduces life expectancy years, especially among elderly residents of a nursing home and do not pay attention to their emotional needs, as mortality rate due to the sickness increase as well as costs for the social crisis. Its logical to do more research and design more comfortable nursing homes which provide residents with both physical and emotional sense, other words, it revive elderly statue in country and let find concept of comfortable settlement for elderly. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that increase the life expectancy of the elderly and the design of appropriate housing for the elderly. Then research continues to identify life expectancy level of elderly in nursing homes at private sector of Shemiranat in Tehran through Questionnaires, interviews and field observations and categorize the required factors for designing of affordable housing for elderly. Then it analyzes available information and offers modern planning to design elderly residence through approaches to increase life expectancy. Research method used is exploratory factor analysis by entering data in the application SPSS21. The Cronbach's alpha of the questionnaire is 833/0, which confirms reliability of questionnaire.
Keywords: Design for the elderly, Increasing life expectancy, Retirement home, Elderly nursing home, Shemiranat
Empirical Analysis of the Money DemandFunction in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Tunisia
Anis Khayati
This study was conducted to determine the factors that influence the demand for money in Tunisia during the period 1982-2012. The empirical approach was directed to estimate a vector auto regression (VAR) function through unit root and cointegration, and a vector error correction model. The coefficients of the vector error correction Model (VECM) were used to determine the long term elasticity of the dynamic model, and an impulse response function was derived to examine the stability of the macroeconomic equilibrium. The results show that there is a close relationship between monetary expansion and growth of the level of activity and the long-run interest rates. Inflation and short-run interest rates have a negligible effect on the amount of money demanded.
Keywords: Money demand, cointegration, impulse response function, Tunisia.
Antecedents of Consumer Intention to Redeem Wholesale Mart Coupons in Korea
Hyung Seok Lee and Eun Kyo Choi
Consumers tend to cut down expenses by using coupons when purchasing products or services. Likewise, coupons satisfy consumers’ discount needs as well as economical consumption behaviors. This study examines the factors affecting consumer intention to redeem wholesale mart coupon in Korea. Specifically, this study employs a path analysis to assess the causal relationships among antecedents associated with coupon redemption intention. The results of the study reveal that coupon discount rate, coupon value, and brand loyalty positively affect consumer’s coupon redemption intention respectively, and expiration date and discount rate of coupon has positive effect on coupon value respectively. Though expiration date has no direct effect on consumer’s redemption intention toward coupon, expiration date indirectly affects coupon redemption intention via coupon value and brand loyalty.
Keywords: Coupon Redemption, Expiration Date, Discount Rate, Brand Loyalty
Factors Influencing the Academic Achievement of Students in the Preparatory and Secondary Schools of the United Arab Emirates
Samir Dukmak and Fawzi F. Ishtaiwa
This research investigated the factors that impact the scholastic accomplishment of students in the preparatory and secondary education in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It was guided by eight questions which were related to child and family socio-demographic characteristics, students’ beliefs about their learning and goal orientation, parents’ support of children’s learning, peer attitudes towards leaning, teacher-students’ interaction and curriculum content. Seventy four students from the UAE preparatory and secondary schools participated in the study. Six scales were developed for the purpose of the study. Various statistical analyses such as t-test, chi-square and logistic regression were conducted to identify the relationship between predictors and outcome measures. The results revealed that students’ age was significantly related to their achievement. Furthermore, a significant relationship was found between parents’ education and students’ academic achievement. Moreover, high-achieving students significantly scored higher on children’s hope scale, self-satisfaction and worth of education subscales, parental support of children’s learning scale, teachers’ encouragement subscale and on the subject difficulty levels subscale. No statistical significances were found in the study between other predictors and outcome measures.
Keywords: Factors affecting achievement, Students achievement, high achieving-students, low-achieving students
The Effects of Streaming on Secondary School Students’ Achievements in Additional Mathematics
Noor Hamimi Mohd Yassin, Masitah Shahrill, Jainatul Halida Jaidin and Hajah Zurina Haji Harun
This study examinedthe effects of streaming on secondary school students’ achievements and learning outcomes in additional mathematics.The sample comprises of 365 Year 10 students in a co-educational government secondary school in Brunei. These students sat for theBrunei Cambridge General Certificate of Examination (GCE) Ordinary Level examination and they were the first batch in the school to have undergone the streaming process. The students were grouped according to their abilities, based on their Year 9 end-of-year examination results.In this study, measures of the students’ attainment in internal qualifying and GCE O Level examinations were used to indicate academic achievement and learning outcomes.The analysis of data revealed positive effects of streaming on students’ achievement in additional mathematics.
Keywords: Program Evaluation, Student Evaluation; School-Based Evaluation, Streaming, Additional Mathematics
The Beliefs in LanXang Buddha Images
Akkharaphon Dechaphahun
The beliefs in Buddha images have been a culture existed for a long time as they have indicated the prosperity or deterioration in Buddhism from the past until present. Such indicators could be used to further develop the society. This study aims to find the history, current status and the beliefs in LanXang Buddhism. The study reveals that the belief in LanXang Buddha images has existed for a long time originated from the belief in Buddhism received from India and Khmer during the period of King FahNgum and King Suriyawongsa. The current images used are found to be the Buddhist symbols of Buddha images, which were also considered as the society’s well respected sacred objects. The names of these Buddha images came from the legends, cities and provinces, and those who involved in the creation. The belief in the mythology in making the Buddha images was mostly involved with the powerful and supernatural persons. On another way this helped add the cultural values to the Buddha images. The belief in holiness or miracles are found to be related to the worldly pleasure and the ritual belief that came from the integration between Buddhist Practices and Brahman Practices with the old local basic beliefs, considered to be the myth or superstition.
Keywords: Beliefs, Buddha images, LanXang
Level of Psychological Flow and its Relationship with Psychological Flexibility among Mu'tah University Students in Al-Karak Governorate/ South Jordan
Ahmed Abd Ellatif Abu Asa'd
The current research aimed to identify the level of psychological flow and its relationship with psychological flexibility among Mu'tah university students in Al-Karak governorate south Jordan. To achieve the goals of the study, a sample of 830 participants from bachelor level students in Mu'tah university was selected (388 male students and 442 female students). The study was applied during the second semester (2014/2015). The psychological flow scale was translated into Arabic in addition to developing the scale of psychological flexibility for the purposes of this research. Results revealed that the level of psychological flow and psychological flexibility came low among male students, medium among female students, and medium for the sample as whole. In addition, results indicated a correlation between psychological flow and psychological flexibility and that psychological flow doesn’t differ based on gender but is better among student with high achievers and among third year students. Based on the results, the research concluded with a group of recommendations among which increasing the psychological flow level among university male students and including students in various creative activities so as to increase flexibility.
Keywords: Psychological Flow, Psychological Flexibility, University Students.
Managing Physical Learning Environment in Higher Education: Students’ Perspectives of the Professional Diploma Programme at Al-Ain University of Science and Technology
Hytham Mohmmad Bany-Issa
There is strong interest at Al Ain University of Science and Technology in providing a positive environment for all faculty, staff, and students. The purpose of the study was to investigate to what degree the faculty members implement the physical environment as perceived by their students. All the students studying at the professional diploma in teaching program constituted the population of the study. The results showed that the scale items got positive perception from all the students and those students believed that their instructors at the program arranged and managed the physical classroom environment well enough. While the gender of the students did not have a significant influence on students’ responses, the branch of study at high school affected students’ responses. By comparison, students from literary branch showed more satisfaction with their teachers’ implementation. Findings may be useful to teacher educators in developing a self-judgment process in order to revise their practice to enhance the educational experience. This could create a better physical classroom environment that, of course, could lead to a successful learner.
Keywords: classroom management, Physical environment, teacher education, practicum students.
Class Action as an Efficient Mechanism for Improving Access to Justice in the Jordanian Law: Comparative Study
Kamal Abdel Rahim Alalaween, Ahmad Ali Owaidi and Anees Mansour Almansour
The Jordanian law does not recognize the right of a particular plaintiff to sue on behalf of a group. Jordanian law does not permit a plaintiff to represent similarly situated persons who are not parties to the litigation. However, Jordanian Law of Civil Procedure permitting joinder of larger numbers of claimants or defendants through the joinder rules: joinder of parties and joinder of claims. The mentioned joinder rules under Jordanian law is different from class action rules recognized by the United states Federal Rules of civil procedure. This essay address how class action operates and what objectives it aims to accomplish.
Keyword: class action, civil procedure, Jordan legal system, civil action

The Basic Income Approach Focused on the Spanish Household´S Gender
Peña-Miguel Noemí, De La Peña Esteban Joseba Iñaki and Fernández-Sainz Ana
The objetive of this paper is to calculate a minimum income according to the individual characteristics of each citizen via the Basic Income approach. Its use involves obligations and duties for social implementation and could allow the elderly to continue in the labour market. The Basic Income payable is focused on the essential expenditures for living and on the gender of the household, so its main purpose is to cover the essential needs of individuals. We obtain the main expense items by using Spanish microdata from the Household Budget Survey (2010) and analyse the factors that determine essential needs. We find the significant explanatory factors using a quantile regression model, but only four of them are applicable to avoiding social or economic discrimination.
Keywords: Basic income; Quantile regressions; Poverty
JEL Classification: I31 - General Welfare; H55 - Social Security and Public Pensions