European Journal of Social Sciences

 Volume 43 No 1
May, 2014
Cyber Law Enforcement in Indonesia
Adensi Timomor
Technology and law are two elements which influence each other and both also influence the society. Basically, technology was created to meet certain human needs. On the other hand, law is limitations of the behaviors of the society and its violation will cause enforced sanctions by the state. Law is required to create order in the society and give justice. The aim of this research is to investigave the cyber law in Indonesia. Internet activities are free and private activities so that they are very vulnerable to criminal activities and vulnerable to crimes which cross country borders. Law enforcement on cyber law can be done by improving legal substance, improving human resources especially law personnel, community’s support as well as cooperation between countries so that negative impacts of cyber impacts can be avoided considering the harm which can be cause which of course will impact the economics of the society in both national and international levels.
Keywords: Cyber Law, Enforcement, Indonesia.
Low Adult and Youth Literacy Rate in Sub-Saharan Africa as an Obstacle to the Achievement of EFA and MDGs
Victor J Pitsoe
Low adult and youth literacy is a global challenge and a policy imperative. Sadly, in 2008, 131 million youth worldwide lacked basic reading and writing skills (UIS 2010). In sub-Saharan Africa, youth and adult literacy has become a focus of regional concern, with the lowest literacy rates being observed in this region, and in South and West Asia. In recent years, much has been written about global literacy rates; however, few published studies have focused directly on the low literacy rate as an obstacle in the achievement of the Education for All (EFA) policy goals and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Notwithstanding the challenges of poor nutrition, humanitarian crises, HIV infection and conflict that continue to challenge millions of people across the globe, the low adult and youth literacy rate remains a policy imperative. In this paper I argue that low adult and youth literacy rates, as subsystem, is an obstacle to the achievement of EFA policy goals and MDGs. Drawing on systems theory, the UNESCO Institute for Statistics and Kurt Lewin’s open systems theory, this document review (1) explores the global trends and challenges inherent in the global literacy rates and populations; (2) investigates the implications of the global literacy rates on EFA; (3) examines the reasons why more girls are out of school; (4) reflects on gender as a dimension of inequality that affects equitable access to education in the region; and (5) argues that the sub-Saharan Africa literacy rate is an obstacle to the achievement of EFA and MDGs
Keywords: Literacy, Millennium Development Goals, Education for All, open systems theory.
Ladyboy Cabaret Show Market in Phuket Province Thailand Dimensions of Supply and Demand
Thirachaya Maneenetr and Thanh Ha Tran
The aims of this research are to study the potential of a Ladyboy Cabaret Show market in Phuket, Thailand and the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) tourists’ behaviors and demand for a Ladyboy Cabaret Show market in Phuket, Thailand. The mix method was used to obtain research objectives. Qualitative data was collected from semi-structured interviews with 15 key informants and quantitative data was collected from AEC tourists in Phuket province, Thailand. The results show that from a marketing perspective, Ladyboy Cabaret Show is on the supply side. They can generate enough potential in terms of tourism products which are interesting and attractive to pull tourists. On the demand side, AEC tourists’ demand for a Ladyboy Cabaret Show market in Phuket, Thailand is at the high level (mean= 3.88, S.D.=0.21) especially for Thai cultural performances and promotion packages for groups of tourists. These factors should be considered by planners or marketers to successfully improve and developa Ladyboy Cabaret Show market.
Keywords: Ladyboy Cabaret Show, Demand side, Supply side.
A Study of Exploring the Indicators of Entrepreneurial Attributes Among Engineering Students in India: An Empirical Study.
Chanduraj Pious Kapse and Manoj Kumar Dash
Understanding the antecedents of entrepreneurial indicators increases our understanding of intended entrepreneurial behavior. The purpose of this study aims at seeking to understand the indicators of entrepreneurial intentions and attitudes of engineering student. Survey research method was employed involving total of 411 students from technical institute by using factor analysis. Its aim is to explore the impact of entrepreneurship indicators on entrepreneurial attitudes of engineering students within the context of Indian higher education. In this research the indicators of entrepreneurial interest of students are examined along with their related factors. The study identified ten indicators for entrepreneurship such as intention, institutional support, risk taking, potential entrepreneur, problem solving, business status, family support, need based, decision making and opportunity. The finding provides several implications for educational institutes, policy makers and administrators. The study concludes that the existence of strong entrepreneurial interest along with poor business knowledge implies a high potential for entrepreneurship courses among non-business students in technical fields in India.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship Education, Entrepreneurial Intention, Entrepreneurship attitude, Entrepreneurial attributes, Engineering students, Decision making style
Management of Private Higher Education Institutions in the Sultanate of Oman: A Call for Cooperation
Omer H. Ismail and Abdullah M. Al Shanfari
In the last two decades there has been a remarkable growth of private higher education institutions (PHEIs) in the Sultanate of Oman, one of the six Gulf Cooperative Council countries. This paper highlights this development, and emphasizes and calls for well-planned cooperation between higher education institutions in the country.
Keywords: Private higher education, Coordination, Sultanate of Oman.
Whistleblower Systems in Procurement of Goods or Services to Prevent the Corruption in Indonesia
H. Zainal Asikin, SH., SU
This study aims to examine how the principles of the whistleblower system in procurement of goods / services process in Indonesia, and do whistleblower systemcan prevent the acts of conspiracy and corruption in the process of procurement of goods/services? to examine these issues, using the normative methods by exploring the legal rules contained in the regulations are Presidential Decree No. 54 Year 2010 on procurement of goods/services government amended by Presidential Decree No.70 Year 2012, Presidential Decree No. 106 Year 2007 of the procurement agency of goods / services, and the regulations of LKPP leader No. 7 Year 2012 on whistleblowing system in procurement of goods/services government amended by regulations of LKPP leader No.10 Year 2013.The results showed that the utilization of a whistleblower systemin Indonesian legal system is a positive development in order to prevent and accelerate eradication acts of conspiracy and corruption in the procurement of goods and services in Indonesia. Therefore, in the future need to be publishing a higher legal protection in the form of Government Regulation implementation of the whistleblower systemthat can apply to all transactions in both the public and private law.
Keywords: Whistleblower system, Corruption Eradication.
The Suggested Educational Competencies for School English Teachers in Light of Globalization
Khetam W. Shraideh
Today, Globalization plays an important role in the Arab World especially through the modern high technology, which finally produces such a favorable response in the academic, economic and information media circles. This paper suggests some educational competencies for school English teachers in light of Globalization, especially toward knowledge-based economy, in order to reproduce new programs to school English teachers to be qualified to face the challenges that face the teaching systems in the current century in light of the new technology. Thus, this paper analyzes the opinions, information, facts and definitions that are related to the core of the study.
Keywords: Educational competences, Knowledge-based economy, School English teachers, Globalization, Technology.
Proposing a Strategy for Development of Sustainable Tourism at Patong Beach, Phuket Island, Thailand
Maythawin Polnyotee and Suwattana Thadaniti
This paper aims at proposing a strategy for development of sustainable tourism at Patong Beach. The instruments used for research include direct observation, questionnaire and in-depth interviews with tourists and local people. One hundred twenty local people were interviewed for their perceptions of the impact of tourism and people’s participation on environment. Besides, an equal number of tourists were also interviewed for their views on tourist attraction, accessibility, facility, and safety. Based on the data collected by direct observation, we infer that a multitude of environmental, economical, and social problems afflict the existing tourism situation. Analysis of the questionnaire data, using the Likert scale, reveals that, according to local people’s perception, the impact caused by tourism on environment is high x=3.87 and that caused by people’s participation moderate( x=2.82). Interviews with local agencies and entrepreneurs convey a similar opinion. The data from tourist attitude shows that tourist attraction is high (x=3.59), where as accessibility (x=3.14), facility (x=3.07) ), and safety (x=3.10) are moderate. Synthesizing the data from different sources, we recommend that sustainable development of Patong Beach be taken up to encourage tourism development, people’s participation, and community-based tourism. The strategies to be adopted for this purpose are public hearing and balanced attention to four dimensions: attraction, accessibility, facility and safety.
Keywords: Sustainable tourism development, community-based tourism, people’s participation.
Monetary Policy and Private Sector Investment in Nigeria
Jonathan Emenike Ogbuabor, Gladys Chiekwe Aneke and Ifeoma Christy
As a means of providing evidence based policy recommendations that will enhance the growth and development of the Nigerian economy, this study examined the impact of monetary policy on private sector investment in Nigeria over the period 1970 to 2012 using an ordinary least squares (OLS) methodology. The study examined the time series properties of the data using the Zivot-Andrews unit root test and the Johansen cointegration test. The study found a stable long run relationship between the series. In addition, the results of the long run model indicate that monetary policy impact on private sector investment through three main channels, namely: money supply, domestic savings and government domestic debt. The coefficients of these variables are statistically significant and positively related to private sector investment; while the exchange rate that is not statistically significant is negatively related to private investment in Nigeria. Contrary to expectations, inflation and real interest rate showed positive relationship with private sector investment in Nigeria.
Keywords: Monetary Policy; Private Sector Investment; OLS; Cointegration; CBN; Nigeria.
Paradigm of Khon Performance Scene Design: Case Study of Khon Performances Under the Order of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit of Thailand
Jarunee Areerungruang
This qualitative research, “Paradigm of Khon Performance Scene Design: Case Study of Khon Performances under the Order of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit aims to study and analyze the paradigm of Khon performance scene design by employing three case studies of Khon performances during two research years. The research is emphasized on fieldwork to explore vision, values, perceptions and thought concept which have influences on the thought concept and paradigm of Khon performance scene design from the past to the present time. The information collected is later used in comparison and analysis for the conclusion of three Khon performance cases under the order of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit; the scene designer is Mr. Soodsakorn Chaisem. Research materials for data collection are various, in-depth interview of targeted groups of respondents for some significant information and independent observation. The research found that the paradigm of Khon scene design of Khon scene designer in the past were similar and have influence on the paradigm of Khon scene designer in the present in many aspects. However, presentation technology, management and political status are the factors on the changing impact in designing paradigm for Khon performance under the order of her Majesty Queen Sirikit. As a consequence, the changing of production design paradigm according to the mentioned factors finally contributes to different aesthetical production features from the past.
Keywords: Khon, Paradigm, Khon Scene Design, Khon Performances under the Order of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit.